JG Plant List

Grasses and Bamboo

GenusSpeciesVariety/ssp.CultivarFamilyCommon NameNativityCultural Conditions
Acorusgramineus' Variegatus (Aureovariegatus)'AraceaeVariegated Sweet FlagParent plant E.AsiaEasily grown in average, medium wet to wet soils in full sun to part shade. Grows well in both boggy conditions and consistently moist garden soils. Scorched leaf tips will occur if soils are allowed to dry out. In water gardens, it is planted in containers with up to 3? of water covering the crowns or in wet soils at the edge. Appreciates some shade from afternoon sun. Slowly naturalizes by spreading roots, but is not invasive.
ChasmanthiumlatifoliumPoaceaeInland Sea OatsE. U.S. N. Mexico.Inland Sea Oats is a frost hardy grass that prefers a sheltered part shaded location. Grows best in sand ,loamy clay, poor drainage ok . Propagation seeds and root division. Can survive drought by going dormant, needs regular moisture to look good in full sun. Spreads by seed and rhizome, can become invasive.
CynodondactylonPoaceaeBermuda GrassNative to AfricaBermuda Grass is a highly durable grass that can survive physical foot traffic to many different conditions. Very tolerant to drought and high temperatures. Must be grown in full sun, grass will thin out when growing area becomes too shady. Can be sowed by seed to establish turf. So it is inexpensive to plant. Unless you plan to have a way to keep it back it can be an invasive weed to flower beds.
Cyperusinvolucratus syn. alternifoliusCyperaceaeUmbrella GrassNative to Africa, MadagascarUmbrella Grass is a tropical that naturalized in the moist rich compost and boggy soils in the U.S. It feels at home in part shade but can tolerate full sun. Leaves may scorch if grown in full sun or if exposed to hot, drying winds in hot summer climates. Grows well in both standing water (up to 4?) and in boggy soils.
EquiseteumhyemeleHorsetail ReedMoist places throughout Texas most frequent in the Blacklands and Edwards plateau. U.S. Canada, Mexico, Eurasia,Horsetail reed is primarily considered a bog plant suitable for accent to water features in a garden. Can grow on drier sites. Likes both sun and shady areas and adaptable wide variety of soils and most growing conditions. Can be invasive. Plant has unique form; attracts dragonflies.
Liriopemuscari'Silvery Sunproof'RuscaceaeNear Conifer Isle south bridge
LiriopemuscariSilvery Sunproof'ConvallariaceaeVarigated Monkey GrassGarden origin. Parent plant from China,Taiwan,JapanVarigated Liriope needs the basic soil and growing conditions as Liriope muscari.
LiriopemuscariConvallariaceaeMonkey Grass, Lily TurfNative to China, Taiwan and JapanMonkey Grass is easily grown in average, medium wet, well-drained soils. Grows best with morning sun afternoon shade. Prefers moist, fertile soils but tolerates a wide range of light and soil conditions. Can develop iron chlorosis in high pH soils. Does not tolerate salty soils or salty irrigation water, will cause marginal leaf necrosis. Also tolerates heat, humidity and drought. Foliage is evergreen in Texas, but can turn brown if we have a hard cold winter. In early spring before new shoots appear, you can cut back or mow on a high mower setting to remove old foliage.
LiriopespicataConvallariaceaeCreeping Monkey GrassGarden origin. Parent plant from China,Taiwan,JapanEasily grown in soil with average moisture content, well-drained soil. Prefers Morning Sun afternoon shade. Likes moist, fertile soils in part shade; less tolerant in deep south conditions. Spreads quickly by underground rhizomes to form colonies.
Miscanthussinensis'Variegatus'Poaceae Variegated Eulalia Grass, MiscanthusNative to the slopes in the lowlands and the mountains of Japan.Miscanthus 'Varigatus' is a white-striped cultivar that provides a strong white effect in the landscape. Grows in full sun to part shade, although it can tolerate poor drainage for a short time it prefers fertile soil with good drainage. It can adapt to different soil pH and has some salt tolerance. One of the easiest grasses to grow in this area.
Miscanthussinensis'Zebrinus'PoaceaeZebra GrassGarden origin. Parent plant native to southeast Asia.Miscanthus 'Zebrinus' provides a unique white to yellowish horizontal stripes in groups of twos down the entire leaf. This trait adds contrast in a garden. Grows in full sun to part shade, although it can tolerate poor drainage for a short time it prefers good fertile soil with drainage. It can adapt to different soil pH and has some salt tolerance. One of the easiest grasses to grow in this area.
OphiopogonjaburanConvallariaceaeGiant LiriopeJapan Ophiopogon jaburan prefers shady site with dappled sun light; can tolerate most soils, but does best with well-drained soil with a neutral pH. Plants develop chlorosis in soils with higher pH. Does not tolerate drought conditions. Most have adequate moisture to survive. Does not tolerate salty irrigation water.
Ophiopogonjaponicus'Nanus'/ 'Compactus'ConvallariaceaeDwarf Mondo GrassGarden origin. Parent plant native to Japan.Ophiopogon japonicus 'Nanus'/ 'Compactus' needs the same cultural requirements. But is a slower grower. For better results plant closer together.
OphiopogonjaponicusConvallariaceaeMondo GrassJapanMondo Grass prefers shady site with dappled sun light; can tolerate most soils, but does best with well-drained soil a neutral pH. Plants develop chlorosis in soils with higher pH. Does not tolerate drought conditions. Most have adequate moisture to survive. Does not tolerate salty irrigation water.
OplismenushirtellusPoaceaeBasket GrassTropical America, Africa, PolynesiaBasket Grass is a nice groundcover for difficult shady areas, this grass deserves to be used much more extensively naturalizes easy a very good looking groundcover. Basket grass is ideal to plant between stepping-stones along shady paths. As with all shade grasses, a large leaf area is essential to receive enough light for photosynthesis, so it will not survive if kept short. It will also tolerate some sun, and can be planted in less shady areas. This grass is easy to grow in a mixture of loam, leaf mold, and sand wit good soil drainage. It may be propagated by runners, or from seed, which is freely produced and germinates readily.
PhyllostachysaureaPoaceaeGolden Bamboo / Fishpole BambooSoutheast ChinaGolden Bamboo can grow in many different conditions practically hard to kill once established. Can tolerate dry to seasonal wet conditions. Heat and drought tolerant spreads by rhizomes and is aggressive. It is pH adaptable. Not as vigorous planted in clay soils.
PhyllostachysaureosulcataPoaceaeYellow Groove BambooNortheast chinaYellow groove bamboo grows in the same conditions as the Golden bamboo but is more cold hardy.
PhyllostachysbambusoidesPoaceaeJapanese Timber Bamboo/Madake BambooChina and Japan.Timber Bamboo prefers light sandy soil but can grow in heavy clay soil. It prefers acidic, neutral, and slightly alkaline soils. Likes woodland, sunny edge with dappled shade. Cold tolerant down to 0.3 F. Plant can grow to a height of 25 meters.
PhyllostachysnigraPoaceaeBlack BambooPavilion restrooms and Inner Courtyard
Phyllostachyssulphureavar. viridis'Robert Young'PoaceaeRobert Young BambooEastern ChinaCan tolerate soils of Central to south Texas. Not cold hardy much farther north of Fort Worth /Dallas Texas. Grows best in fertile soil well-drained soil. In full to part shade. Zone 7.
PhyllostachysviridisPoaceaeGreen BambooEastern ChinaIntroduced in Europe from China around 1880. The mid-spring shoots are edible. Grows from the Gulf Coast north and eastward and from the east coast to Philadelphia and the west coast to Vancouver. Reported that species suffers leaf damage at -8 F.
Pleioblastus syn. ArundinariapygmaeusPoaceaePygmy Bamboo /SasaUnknown in the wild Cultivated in JapanPygmy bamboo grows well in the North Texas region. Much farther north and hardy bamboos might not survive cold winters. It found that they tolerate all kinds of soil sand, loam, heavy clay conditions. The preferred conditions are warm climates and a good well-drained fertile acidic sandy loam soil. Many hardy bamboos grow better in semi-shade and don't tolerate the heat well. Bamboo doesn't grow well in water logged soil. It can tolerate many heavy clays but should be protected from dry cold winter winds. Try to plant in a protected area. Moderately intolerant to drought. Bamboos needs proper moisture to keep from showing stress. If allowed to become too dry young shoots will wither and die. Newly planted Bamboos require watering until well established. Pest problems can include aphids, scale insects and mites. Also foraging animals rabbits, squirrels, even humans can over cultivate a grove and not let it rejuvenate itself.
SemiarundinariafastuosaPoaceaeNarihira BambooNative to islands and lowlands of Japan. Also found in China and Korea.Semirundinaria fastuosa can tolerate wide range of soils neutral to slightly acidic soil to slightly alkaline pH.. It grows best in moist, humus-rich garden soil with a neutral to slightly acidic soil. Doesn?t like to shade to deep shade. It grows best in full sun. Narihira Bamboo grows best in well drained soil doesn?t wet soils and drought conditions.
ShibataeakumasasaPoaceaeOkame ZasaNative to JapanShibataea kumasasa is an unique shorter bamboo with dark green leaves. This genus of small bamboos are more closely related to the genus Phyllostachys than other small bamboos. An excellent tall groundcover or short hedge, this species is especially suited to climates similar to that of the Pacific Northwest or the Northeastern US. The bamboo does not do well with alkaline or water-logged soils. It needs acidic conditions and well drained soil. It grows in full sun to part shade It is not happy in full or deep shade. This bamboo is very resistant to bamboo mites.
StenotaphrumsecundatumPoaceaeSt. Augustine GrassNative to southeastern US west to Texas. Into Tropical America.St. Augustine Grass is a warm season grass that given good fertile soil conditions and proper moisture is a very aggressive summer turf grass. It grows well in shady areas. Low traffic tolerance. Common insect problems chinch bug, gray leaf spot, brown patch, St. Augustine decline, grub worms.
Zoysiajaponica'Meyeri'PoaceaeMeyer's ZoysiagrassNative to JapanMeyer Zoysiagrass leaf blades might be a little wider then Common Bermuda. It is not as shade tolerant as St. Augustine but more shade tolerant than Bermuda. Zoysia is tolerant to the soils of North Central Texas. Zoysia is cold hardy, and is the first turf grass to brownout in the fall/winter and the last to green up in the spring.
Zoysiamatrella 'Zorro"PoaceaeZoysiagrass turf
Zoysiax japonica'Emerald'PoaceaeEmerald ZoysiagrassNative to AsiaEmerald Zoysiagrass leaf blades are much finer leaf then the blades of Meyer's Zoysiagrass. Emerald Zoysia is not as shade tolerant as St. Augustine but more shade tolerant than Bermuda. Zoysia is tolerant to the soils of North Central Texas. It has a moderate high fertility requirements. Zoysia has a high traffic turf high tolerance to salt tolerance. Zoysia is cold hardy, and is the first turf grass to brownout in the fall/winter and the last to green up in the spring.

Ground Covers

GenusSpeciesVariety/ssp.CultivarFamilyCommon NameNativityCultural Conditions
Ajugareptans'Atropurpurea'LamiaceaePurple Leaf AjugaGarden origin. Parent plant from Europe, Iran, Caucasia. Purple Leaf Ajuga grows in shade to morning sun they develop best color with more sun exposure. One of the best ground covers for thick shade. Prefers moist, well-drained soils. Can grow well in heavy soil conditions of average fertility, with regular watering during the hot and dry periods of summer; however, it can adapt to more harsh conditions, including poor soils and heat.
Ajugareptans'Black Scallop'LamiaceaeNaturalized ground cover in various places. Including the Moss Pool zoysia under the Bluff Oak
Ajugareptans'Bronze Beauty'LamiaceaeNaturalized ground cover
Ajugareptans'Caitlin's Giant'LamiaceaePavilion restroom dry stream area
AjugareptansLamiaceaeCarpet BugleEurope, Iran, CaucasiaAjuga grows in shade to morning sun. One of the best ground covers for thick shade. Prefers moist, well-drained soils. Can grow well in heavy soil conditions of average fertility, with regular watering during the hot and dry periods of summer; however, it can adapt to more harsh conditions, including poor soils and heat.
ArdisiajaponicaMyrsinaceaeMarlberryChina, JapanMarlberry grows best in morning sun to shade, afternoon shade a must protect against sun and drying winds. Leaves tend to sunburn in Texas if exposed to afternoon sun. Ardisia is a moderate water user. Adaptable to a variety of pH conditions but likes it to be a little a acidic. It can't tolerate heavy clay or compacted soils. Slow growing clumping groundcover. Spreads by rhizomes. Can be damaged by winter cold below 15 degrees. Root hardy when tops die down plant will come back in the spring. Used in small pockets along paths and walls.
DuchesneaindicaRosaceaeMock StrawberryIndia, Japan, China.Mock Strawberry's is a perennial that grows from stolons often found in Sun to part shady locations but prefers part shade. Can be considered a weed because of its aggressiveness in landscapes and turf grass found throughout the southeastern United States. A good choice of ground cover for less cultivated areas. Can be a dependable groundcover in a native landscape. To keep plant from becoming invasive consider some type of barrier to help contain plants boundaries.
Euonymusfortunei'Coloratus'CelastraceaePurple leaf WintercreeperParent plant mainly AsiaGrows in average, medium wet, well-drained soils in sun to shade. Tolerates wide range of soils and soil conditions, except for wet ones. Spreads rapidly by creeping stems (stolons) which root at the nodes where they touch the ground. Good tolerance for urban conditions.
EuonymusfortuneiCelastraceaeEvergreen WintercreeperAsiaEvergreen Wintercreeper grows in average, medium wet, well-drained soils in sun to shade. Tolerates wide range of soils and soil conditions, except for wet ones. Spreads rapidly by creeping stems (stolons) which root at the nodes where they touch the ground. Good tolerance for urban conditions.
Hederahelix'Abundance'AraliaceaeEurope 'Abundance' is an English Ivy cultivar.It is an excellent groundcover for shade and shady locations. Will grow in full sun in a protected location. plant thrives the best in moist fertile soil. Does not like boggy or excessive wet soil. Does well in city and urban sites. Where there is little or no air movement or Humid conditions plants can develop bacterial leaf spot. Insect problems can be spider mites, scale, thrips, and aphids.
HederahelixAraliaceaeEnglish IvyEuropeThis is an excellent groundcover for shade and shady locations. Will grow in full sun in a protected location. plant thrives the best in moist fertile soil. Does not like boggy or excessive wet soil. Does well in city and urban sites. Where there is little or no air movement or Humid conditions plants can develop bacterial leaf spot. Insect problems can be spider mites, scale,thrips, and aphids.
Houttuyniacordata'Variegata'SaururaceaeChameleon PlantEastern Asia.Houttuynia cordata grows in sun to light shade, plant is more vigorous in part shade. It grows in a wide range of soil types provided they are moist to wet. Best overall performance occurs in partial sun in continuously moist, well-drained soils of average fertility, but it is quite tolerant of wet sites and is adaptable to poor, compacted, and/or dry soils. Plant does become invasive and the best cultural practices to contain it from spreading are to place it in a restricted root zone area, such as that bounded by a sidewalk and foundation. If placed in hot, dry sites, its growth will be restricted, and the variegated foliage may scorch in summer. Snail and slugs can be a problem by causing leaf damage.
Lamiumgaleobdolon'Variegatum'LamiaceaeYellow ArchangelNative to Europe to west Asia.At base of summer house elm. Grown in average, dry to medium wet, well-drained soils in part shade to full shade. Best in moist soils in part shade. Once established, it tolerates some drought. Spreads by creeping stems and can be somewhat invasive in optimum growing conditions. Propagate by division or stem cuttings. If plants become leggy, shear back to shape and to promote new foliage growth. Best to plant in the fall.
PachysandraterminalisBuxaceaeJapanese SpurgeNorthern China, JapanThis is a good groundcover to have. But it must be planted in the proper soil and right area. It grows in good loose fertile soil with good moisture. The best part of the country to grow pachysandra is the upper south. Must be planted in shade; does not grow well in full sun. And does not tolerate drought or drying out. fibrous root system makes plant easy to transplant. Plant only in good growing conditions.
Trachelospermumasiaticum'Nortex'ApocynaceaeNortex Asian JasmineGarden origin. Parent plant native to Korea and Japan.'Nortex' Asian Jasmine requires the same growing conditions the species plant. Grows in full sun or part shade grows in must soil conditions but must have well drained soil. And is also one of the best groundcovers to use in the north Texas area. Spreads fast by stolons. Must not take too dry conditions or too wet conditions. Not invasive groundcover.
TrachelospermumasiaticumApocynaceaeAsian JasmineNative to Korea and Japan.Asian Jasmine Grows in full sun or part shade grows in must soil conditions but must have well drained soil. One of the best groundcovers to use in the north Texas area. Spreads fast by stolons. Must not take too dry conditions or too wet conditions. Not invasive groundcover.

Flowers and other Plants

GenusSpeciesVariety/ssp.CultivarFamilyCommon NameNativityCultural Conditions
AcanthusmollisAcanthaceaeBear's Breech'sS.Europe, N.W. AfricaBear's breeches is a very ornamental herbaceous perennial with large shiny dark green leaves. The plant grows in a clump about 5' tall, with slightly less spread. The leaves can be up to 3 ft long, with deep cuts, although there's quite a bit of variation among individual leaves. In late summer, bear's breeches blooms with creamy white to slightly pink or purplish flowers on dramatically tall, erect stalks held way above the foliage. Bears Breeches frost hardy. Plant does best in full sun to light shade. Prefers moist rich soil well-drained soil with proper moisture winter and spring but can grow and tolerant arid dry climates and is tolerant to drought conditions. Insect problems can be snails and caterpillars chewing new leaves.
Adiantumcapillus-vernisPteridaceaeMaidenhair Fern is native to Texas and the Gulf South usually growing close to rocky streams.Maidenhair Fern is found growing close to rocky streams in spots where drainage is excellent with moisture abundant. Can be found in desert location but always is close to water. Sun to shade with dappled light. Spreads by rhizomes. Propagation by root division. Best growing in isolated areas since it is not very aggressive. One of the few ferns that prefer alkaline soil. Soil mixes should include one-half peat moss, composted pine bark or leaf mold.
AlocasiamacrorrhizaAraceaeTaroAdjacent the waterfall
Aspidistraelatior'Variegata'ConvallariaceaeVarigated Cast Iron PlantChinaVarigated Cast-Iron plant likes a well worked, fertile soil. It grows best in a dry to moist, well drained soil. It can stand hard, poor soils, but not soggy conditions. Cast-Iron plant thrives in deep to moderate shade but, actually the plant will stand a fair amount of direct sun and still live, but will look bleached out and stressed. In variegated varieties, color patterns often disappear if the plant is grown in rich soil.
AspidistraelatiorConvallariaceaeCast Iron PlantChinaCast-Iron plant likes a well worked, fertile soil. It grows best in a dry to moist, well drained soil. It can stand hard, poor soils, but not soggy conditions. Cast-Iron plant thrives in deep to moderate shade but, actually the plant will stand a fair amount of direct sun and still live, but will look bleached out and stressed.
Aucubajaponica'Serratifolia'AucubaceaeSerrated-Leaf Japanese AucubaGarden origin. Parent plant from China, TaiwanAucuba thrives in light to deep shade. Once established, aucuba tolerates drought but requires good drainage, and always looks better when it gets regular watering. Aucuba tolerates shade, air pollution, dry soils, salt. Green Aucuba seems to tolerate slower drainage sites than the Aucuba japonica 'Variegata' Gold Dust Plant.
Aucubajaponica'Variegata'AucubaceaeGold Dust PlantGarden origin. Parent plant from China, TaiwanVarigated Aucuba thrives in light to deep shade. Once established, aucuba tolerates drought but requires good drainage, and always looks better when it gets regular watering. Aucuba tolerates shade, air pollution, dry soils, salt.
Camelliasasanqua'Shishi-gashira'TheaceaeSasanqua CamelliaJapan (Liu Kiu Is.)Camellia's optimum soil conditions is a sandy loam with humus incorporated in. does not tolerate alkaline soil. They do best mild humid climates with moist acidic soils with good drainage. Water regularly, when top 3 in. of soil is dry. Thrives in morning sun and afternoon shade.
ColocasiaesculentaAraceaeElephant's Ear/TaroGarden origin. Parent plant from Tropical east AsiaElephant's Ear grow in full sun to part shade. In full sun plants can tend to burn without proper moisture. It is a frost tender and loves boggy conditions of wet soils to shallow water. Keep moisture abundant in the summer. Protect against from hot summer winds.
Cyrtomiumfalcatum'Rochfordianum'DryopteridaceaeRochfordianum Japanese Holly FernParent plant from Japan 'Rochfordianum' Holly Fern conditions are similar to common Holly Fern. Best grown in rich, medium wet humus, well-drained soil in part shade to full shade. Rhizomes may rot in winter if plants are grown in poorly drained soils. In cold climates appreciates a protected location. However, fronds are evergreen in warm winter climates.
CyrtomiumfalcatumDryopteridaceaeJapanese Holly FernJapanJapanese Holy Fern is a very popular evergreen fern Texas. It is very at home in central Texas. Holly ferns like moist high organic soils does not do well on poorly drained sites. Fairly drought tolerant but does require regular moisture. Does better in shade and avoid windy locations. Moderately slow grower and fairly adaptable to soil conditions but best on slightly acidic to neutral soils. plant has a low tolerance to salty conditions such as salty irrigation water.
DichondracarolinensisConvallariaceaePonyfootNative to southeastern US.Dichondra prefers moist to wet moderately fertile soil that is slightly acidic. Grows full sun to Shade. Does not tolerate foot traffic.
Eustomiaexaltatumssp. RussellianumAcanthaceaeTexas BluebellsPavilion restroom dry waterfall
GardeniajasminoidesRubiaceaeGardeniawest side of entry gate
HelleborusnigerRanunculaceaeHellebore, Christmas RoseEuropeH. niger is not the easiest Hellebore to establish in a garden but if one should try, it should take to a stony, fertile soil, preferably on the limey side, that doesn't get too dry in summer.
HostafortuneiAlbo-marginata'LiliaceaeWhite Band HostaJapan,China,KoreaHosta's grow best in filtered shade if there is to much sun leaves can become scorched or burned, if they get to much shade cultivated variety's may fade. This indeed is a challenging perennial to grow in Tarrant County. If north Texas receives harsh winter and Hosta dies back mulch roots stock and it will come back from roots. During fertilization leaves can get burned by salts in fertilizer and irrigation water. Best grown in northeastern Texas. Snail and slugs can be a problem by causing leaf damage.
HostasieboldianaAsparagaceaeAlong East Pool Walk near the Moon Bridge
Hostax'Hyacinthina'LiliaceaeHosta CultivarsGarden origin. Parent plant native to Japan,China,KoreaHosta is shade tolerant and not shade loving as many of us had think. Hosta's actually grow and bloom more vigorously in a cool sunny location. But with Texas afternoons can become to hot and dry and the leaves can become scorched and unattractive. To solve the leaf scorching problem make sure you plant in an area of your garden they gets morning sun. Hosta’s also don’t like hot temperatures and drying winds. If Hosta’s are planted on a sunnier spot additional watering will be needed to help prevent leaf scorch. Hosta's grow best in good fertile soil with organic matter to help provide constant nutrient supply. They also like slightly acidic conditions. Once established, Hosta's can tolerate a drier shade although they will always be more vigorous with consistent moisture.
HymenocallislittoralisAmaryllidaceaeCrown Spider LilySouthern U.S. To South America.Hymenocallis litoralis is a vigorous evergreen species, which makes a good garden subject in warm tropical climates. It requires protection during cold winters. Plant bulbs in winter about 6 in. deep in rich well-drained soil.
Irislaevigata‘Semperflorens’IridaceaeEverblooming Smooth-Leaf Iris Garden origin. Parent plant native to eastern Asia, China and Japan.Iris laevigata are reported to be the truest water plant of all the iris sp. In its natural habitat it is seen in bog , along marshy shores of lakes, streams, rivers will grow equally well submerged in shallow water.
Irislaevigata‘Violet Parasol’IridaceaeViolet Parasol Smooth-Leaf Iris Garden origin. Parent plant native to eastern Asia, China and Japan.Iris laevigata are reported to be the truest water plant of all the iris sp. In its natural habitat it is seen in bog , along marshy shores of lakes, streams, rivers will grow equally well submerged in shallow water.
Irislaevigata'Albopurpurea Monstosa'IridaceaeRabbit Ear IrisIn the cascade
IrispseudacorusIridaceaeYellow Flag IrisNative to temperate China, Korea, and Japan. This Iris is tolerant to a variety of conditions. It is seen growing in shallow water, Lake and river shores, sandy, loam moist parts of a garden. Good choice to use near water features. This is the only water iris that is yellow flowers.
Irisx giganticaerulea syn. x brevicaulis syn. x fulvaIridaceaeLouisiana HybridsGarden originCan be found growing in the same conditions as Iris pseudacorus (Yellow Flag)
IristectorumIridaceaeJapanese Roof IrisCentral and southwestern China, MyanmarGrow in organically rich, medium wet, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. Prefers sheltered sunny locations, as near a south or west facing wall. Plant rhizomes only about 1-2" below the soil. Rhizomes tend to push out of the ground and will benefit from fall and spring mulches.
LeucojumvernumAmaryllidaceaeSnowdropsIn the Dry lake cobbles
LunulariacruciataLunulariaceaeLiverwortOn the stone ledges near the Moon Bridge
LycorisradiataAmaryllidaceaeRed Spider LiliesLower Pool iris bed
Oxalisarticulata'Rubra'OxalidaceaePink Wood SorrelAlong Northwest Pool Walk, at home in fertile humus-rich moist well-drained soil with moderate moisture. In full to part shade. It is a perfect plant to grow in woodland surroundings.
Paeonialactiflora'Manhattan'PaeoniaceaeManhattan PeonyGarden origin. Parent plant native Russia, Mongolia, northern and western China Manhattan Peony most be grown in a very fertile and rich garden soil with good drainage and Morning sun with shade most of the day. Most Peony's favorable habitat is a colder environment. In Texas give thought to where you plant your Peony's.
PaeonialactifloraPaeoniaceaeCommon Garden PeonyRussia, Mongolia, northern and western China Full sun with afternoon light shade in our area; likes fertile, moist well drained soil. Mulch in the summer to keep roots cool and conserve moisture. They are best suited in cold climates to allow dormancy and initiation of flower buds. Late frosts can damage new foliage.
PistiastratiotesAraceaeWater LettuceNative habitat pantropical Pistia stratiotes to survive, it requires a wet, warm subtropical to tropical conditions. It is usually found in lakes and rivers, however, it can survive in mud. Can endure temperature extremes of 59° F. and 95°. The optimal growth temperature range for the plant is 72-86° F. Water lettuce prefers slightly acidic waters (6.5 - 7.2 pH) and moderate hardness.
Pittosporumtobira'Wheeler's Dwarf'PittosporaceaePittosporumGarden origin. Parent plant native to China, Korea and JapanPittosporum 'Wheeler's Dwarf' grows in full sun to part shade, tolerant to a large range of soils but must have good drainage and constant supply of moisture tolerant to acidic or alkaline soil Established plants are drought tolerant. Needs to be protected from cold winds in hard winters.
PontederiacordataPontederiaceaePickerel RushEastern North America to the CaribbeanEasily grown aquatic floating or anchored herbaceous perennial spreading in by stolons forming dense root mats can root through rhizomes. Only the spent flower stems need to be pruning to encourage successive batches of flowers.
TetrapanaxpapyriferAraliaceaeRice Paper PlantNative to Taiwan and possibly Japan's Ryukyu IslandsTolerates all types of soil in the north Texas region. Grows in full sun but prefers mild climates in sheltered part shade with good drainage. Tolerant salt winds and sandy soil adapts well to seaside locations. Fuzz on the leaves is irritating to the eyes, respiratory system and tender skin.
TrachelospermumjasminoidesApocynaceaeStar JasmineOn Willow island near Checkerboard Bridge
ViolasororariaViolaceaeWoolly Blue VioletNative to eastern US.Wholly Blue Violet is a stemless herbaceous perennial that bears short-spurred white flowers speckled with violet blue from spring to summer. Grows in fertile organic moist well-drained soil. With sun to part shade. It can tolerate poor moderately fertile, gritty, sharply drained soil in full to part shade.
Platycodongrandiflorus'Sentimental Blue'CampanulaceaePavilion area dry streambed
RhodophialabifidaAmaryllidaceaeOxblood or Schoolhouse LilyLower Pool iris bed
RumhoraadiantiformesElaphoglossaceaeLeather Fern

Shrubs

GenusSpeciesVariety/ssp.CultivarFamilyCommon NameNativityCultural Conditions
Acca/ syn.FeijoasellowianaMyrtaceaePineapple Guava / Strawberry GuavaBrazil, UruguayAcca sellowiana grows best in full sun and on drier sites with well-drained soil. Grows very well on sandy soil sites. Does not like heavy clay and poorly drained soils. Pineapple guava is susceptible to root rot on poorly drained soils. Pineapple Guava has oval green foliage with flowers that are waxy white with red stamens. Fruit is tasty with a slight pineapple flavor. Can be used as large screen or a small accent tree with moderate growth. Fruit Fly can be a problem in some areas.
BetulanigraBetulaceaeRiver BirchStreams and bottomlands in east Texas. Eastern United States River Birch can be a single or multiple-stemmed tree that finds it's home in shade or full sun. It grows in a variety of soils clay, loam, sand and acidic conditions. Prefers good fertile moist well drained soils. Moderately tolerates mild drought because they are shallow rooted and might need additional water during dry seasons, and tolerant to salt. River Birch responds to well to fertilization and good cultural conditions.
BuxusharlandiiBuxaceaeHarland BoxwoodSouth ChinaBuxus harlandii Has the same type of growing conditions and uses as the Buxus microphylla but may be more susceptible to stem rot.
Buxusmicrophylla'Apple Green'BuxaceaeGarden origin. Cultivation Japan, may have originated China or Korea.Miniature boxwoods at Inner Courtyard
Buxusmicrophylla'Green Pillow'BuxaceaeSingle specimen near north Mikoshi doors, at least 30 years old
Buxusmicrophylla'Japonica'BuxaceaeJapanese BoxwoodGarden origin. Cultivation Japan, may have originated China or Korea.Japanese Boxwoods, do well in sun to partial shade. Newly transplanted plants need more shade and should be protected from midday sun. Established boxwoods do fine in full sun, but should be positioned in partial shade in the afternoon. Boxwoods have shallow roots, so they should be mulched well and watered when the soil gets dry, especially if positioned in full sun. With a shallow root system hoeing at the base should be avoided to prevent root damage. Also is sensitive to over fertilization. Fertilizer applications should be light and frequent.
Buxusmicrophylla'Wintergreen'BuxaceaeWintergreen BoxwoodGarden origin. Cultivation Japan, may have originated China or Korea.Wintergreen Boxwoods, do well in sun to partial shade. Newly transplanted plants need more shade and should be protected from midday sun. Established boxwoods do fine in full sun, but should be positioned in partial shade in the afternoon. Boxwoods have shallow roots, so they should be mulched well and watered when the soil gets dry, especially if positioned in full sun. With a shallow root system hoeing at the base should be avoided to prevent root damage. Also is sensitive to over fertilization. Fertilizer applications should be light and frequent.
Buxussinicavar.insularis'Winter Gem'In southwest courtyard, does well in sun or part shade. Fertilize lightly and frequently.
Cedrusdeodara(Prostrate Dwarf)PinaceaeProstate Dwarf Deodar CedarAfghanistan to W Nepal Deodar Cedar grows best deep, moist but well-drained, acidic loams but likes chalky soil in full sun. Can show iron chlorosis on rocky high alkaline soils. Drought tolerant once established. Intolerant of poorly drained wet soils. Better suited for east Texas than central Texas.
Cephalotaxusharringtonia'Fastigiata'CephalotaxaceaeColumnar Japanese Plum YewNative to Japan ,Korea, China.The Plum Yews are slow growers, some taking as long as 10 years to reach 3-4 ft in height. They grow best in sandy, slightly acidic soils. They should be sheltered from strong winds. Japanese Plum Yew is very shade-tolerant and loves warm climates, but should have more sun in cooler regions. Regular water and well drained soil
ChaenomelesjaponicaRosaceaeWhite Flowering QuinceJapanFlowering Quince likes sun or part shade. A very tough and durable shrub. Tolerates most soils accept for rich high alkaline soils where it suffers iron chlorosis. Plant does best in good soil with good drainage and proper moisture and fertilization. Does not like dry conditions. A showy shrub in early spring in full sun.
Cleyerajaponica'Sotall'TheaceaeBigfoot' cleyera
CleyerajaponicaBigfoot'TheaceaeJapanese CleyeraGarden origin. Parent plant from Burma, China, Korea and JapanJapanese Cleyera 'Bigfoot' grows basically the same conditions as the species Cleyera best in sun with afternoon shade, but avoid reflected afternoon sun in the summer. Cleyera better adapted to higher pH soils but might start showing iron chlorosis. Can tolerate mild drought tolerance. Cleyera needs good drainage.
CleyerajaponicaTheaceaeJapanese CleyeraBurma, China, Korea and JapanCleyera grows best in sun with afternoon shade, but avoid reflected afternoon sun in the summer. Cleyera better adapted to higher pH soils but might start showing iron chlorosis. Can tolerate mild drought tolerance. Cleyera needs good drainage.
Cornusflorida'Alba Plena'CornaceaeFlowering DogwoodEastern N. America Piney woods and Post Oak Savannah.Single specimen on mikoshi berm
Cryptomeriajaponica'Globosa'TaxodiaceaeGlobosa Dwarf Japanese CedarParent plant native to Japan.Japanese Cedar tolerates most well-drained soils, but grows best in deep rich fertile well-drained soils and it likes ample moisture. Plant in a protected site. Texas plant prefers morning sun and afternoon shade to part shade.
Cryptomeriajaponica'Globosa Nana'TaxodiaceaeOld specimen next to the Harland Boxwoods
Cryptomeriajaponica'Gyokruya'TaxodiaceaeGyokruya Dwarf Japanese CedarParent plant native to Japan. 'Gyokruya' Japanese Cedar tolerates most well-drained soils, but grows best in deep rich fertile well-drained soils and it likes ample moisture. Plant in a protected site. Texas plant prefers morning sun and afternoon shade to part shade.
Cryptomeriajaponica'Monstrosa Nana'TaxodiaceaeLittle Monster dwarf Japanese CedarParent plant native to Japan.Specimens at the Machiai and Lower East Ramp. Tolerates most well-drained soils, but grows best in deep rich fertile well-drained soils and it likes ample moisture. Plant in a protected site. Texas plant prefers morning sun and afternoon shade to part shade.
DeutziagracilisHydrangeaceaeSlender DeutziaNative to JapanSlender Deutzia is shrub grows best in a sheltered site with morning sun to part shade it will produce more flowers with more shade. Grows in most reasonable fertile soil and generally moist soil. Hardy to Zone 5. Grows to about 3 to 4 ft. tall with white flowers in terminal clusters. After flowering it can be sheared to make a nice shrub.
ElaeagnusmacrophyllaElaeagnaceaeSilverberryKorea ,JapanSilverberry is an evergreen shrub that tolerates grows in full sun, to shade semi-shade. Silverberry tolerates a wide range of soils sandy, loamy and clay soils, requires well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. The plant prefers acid, neutral and alkaline soils. It requires dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought. Silverberry grows in many difficult situations. It does require frequent pruning.
EriobotryajaponicaRosaceaeLoquat China, Japan.Full sun for best form and fruit, can also be grown in shady areas, but flowering will be reduced. Flowers are not showy but extremely fragrant. Water regularly when young. Needs good drainage and will tolerate alkaline soil. Once established, is drought resistant. Adequate moisture and mulch will keep loquats looking their best and increase fruit yield. Best grown in Zones 7-10; fruit and flowers can be destroyed by low temperatures at about 26 to 28ºF. Loquats are somewhat susceptible to fire blight and cotton root rot.
Eriobotryax'Coppertone'RosaceaeCoppertone LoquatGarden origin. Parent native to China, JapanCoppertone Loquat is a cultivar that requires the same conditions as the species. Grows best in full sun to part shade. But in shade there will be less flowers and fruit. Needs good drainage and tolerate alkaline soil. Needs adequate moisture and mulch. Loquats are somewhat susceptible to fire blight, cutworms and cotton root rot.
Erythrinacrista-galliFabaceaeCockspur Coral TreeE. Bolivia to ArgentinaWoody perennial shrub in this area
Euonymusbungeanus'Pendula'CelastraceaeWeeping WahooChina, KoreaWeeping Wahoo prefers full sun to partial shade. Plant can grow in a wide range of soil types but needs good drainage. Makes a nice large shrub or small tree. Rhiziomal and stoloniferous roots spread and new growth comes from sprouts off of roots.
Euonymusjaponicus'Aureo-marginatus' 'Aureo-marginata'CelastraceaeGold-Edge EuonymusGarden origin. Parent plant from China, Korea and JapanA tough and durable upright shrub to 5 to 6 feet. Grows well in moist soil and tolerates considerable drought. Will grow in poor soil with poor nutrients. Grows in full sun to shade to very dense shade. Most gardeners that work with this plant agree it is a versatile plant. Main pest is euonymus scale.
FatsiajaponicaAraliaceaeFatsia / Japanese AraliaSouth Korea, JapanFatsia japonica grows in shade to morning sun. It can tolerate many different types of soil from heavy clay to a good sandy loam with and moderate toleration to poor drainage. Grows best in loose, highly organic soil do not allow to dry. Responds well to proper fertilization. The most important element to remember is it needs to be planted a shady location. does not do well in hot sunny southern and western locations.
Forsythiax intermediaOleaceaeGolden ForsythiaHybrid cross between F.suspensa x F.viridissima.Forsythia is adaptable to nearly any soil but exceptionally dry soil. It must also have good drainage. Grows in full sun and part shade. Deciduous shrub brilliant yellow flowers in early spring, before leaves emerge. Best suited for northern half of Texas, where flower production is greater because plant requires winter temperatures well below freezing. Should be pruned back after the spring blooms because flower buds develop during summer and fall. Allow room for shrub to grow.
HibiscussyriacusMalvaceaeRose-of- SharonChina to India.Rose of Sharon loves full sun and afternoon shade. Grows to 8 to 10 feet. Adapts to soil pH but prefers slightly acidic soil. Heat tolerant with regular irrigation. Slow to break bud in the spring, but be patient. Water and fertilize regularly during flowering, is not salt tolerant foliar salt soil salts. Plants may require nitrogen applications to retain its dark green color. Susceptible to cotton root rot.
HydrangaquercifoliaHydrangeaceaeOak Leaf HydrangeaS.E. USOak leaf Hydrangea is adaptable shrub grows best in rich ,moist soil in shade to part shade best location north and eastside of a building. Leaves and flowers will scorch given to much sun.
Hypericumfrondosum'Sunburst'AcanthaceaeAdjacent the east Pool Landing fish food box
HypericumspClusiaceaeSt. John's Wort / Aaron's BeardS.E. Bulgaria, N.E & N.W TurkeyHypericum is mostly a cool-climate can grow in sun but prefers part shade north central Texas. A low growing woody perennial or shrub 2 to 3 feet tall. Prune in winter to maintain it's round shape. Best to grow in rich organic garden soil. It is subject to iron chlorosis if grown in alkaline soils. Responds to fertilizer watering well. Must be kept moist through the spring and summer. Does not do well in drought conditions.
Ilexcornuta'Burfordi'AquifoliaceaeDwarf Burford HollyGarden origin. Parent plant native to China, Korea and Japan.Burford Holly grows well in full sun or shade. Can tolerate a wide range of soils. Can tolerate poor drainage but grows best in rich fertile soil with good drainage. Possible insect problems aphid and leaf miner.
Ilexcornuta'Carissa'AquifoliaceaeCarissa HollyFemale; bud mutation of 'Rotunda' discovered R.Bears at Wight Nursery PP.3187 by Wight. Nursery.Carissa Holly grows well in full sun or shade. Can tolerate a wide range of soils. Can tolerate poor drainage but grows best in rich fertile soil with good drainage.
IlexcornutaAquifoliaceaeChinese Horned HollyChina, Korea and JapanChinese Holly can tolerate poor soils such as poorly drained clay soils central Texas. Grows and fruits best in rich well drained soils with full sun to part shade. They respond to fertilizer and additional water during drought. Possible insect problems aphid and leaf miner.
Ilexdeciduavar.deciduaAquifoliaceaePossum Haw HollyWoods and edges of swamps in east Texas, south to Victoria. United States, lowlands and river bottoms, also drier upland forest areas. Possumhaws love full sun, shade and dappled to part shade. Soil prefaces are sandy, loam, clay, limestone; Possumhaws are tolerate the seasonal of poor drainage.
IlexlatifoliaAquifoliaceaeLusterleaf / TarajoFirst recorded in Japan, also native to China in the coastal provinces.Lusterleaf Holly grows in full sun to part shade. Soil requirements are clay loam sandy slightly alkaline. After has been established it has a high tolerance to drought.
Ilexvomitoriassp. vomitoriaAquifoliaceaeYaupon HollyNative to s.e. US south to Texas. Yaupons love full sun ,shade and dappled to part shade. Yaupons can grow in a wide range of soils. It is usually found growing in sandy, loam, clay, limestone. Yaupons are tolerant of poor soil drainage.
Ilexvomitoria'Nana'AquifoliaceaeDwarf Yaupon HollyParent plant native to the Coastal areas of U.S. s.e. west to Arizona. Like Yaupon Holly's dwarf Yaupons love full sun ,shade and dappled to part shade. This yaupon grows to 2 to3 feet tall and 4 to 5 feet wide. Yaupons can grow in a wide range of soils. It is usually found growing in sandy, loam, clay, limestone. Yaupons are tolerant of poor soil drainage.
Ilexvomitoria'Pendula'AquifoliaceaeWeeping Yaupon HollyParent plant native to the Coastal areas of U.S. s.e. west to Arizona.Weeping Yaupons Holly like other Yaupons Holly's love full sun, shade and dappled to part shade. Yaupons can grow in a wide range of soils. It is usually found growing in sandy, loam, clay, limestone. Yaupons are tolerant of poor soil drainage.
Ilexx'Mary Nell'AquifoliaceaeMary Nell HollyFemale; controlled cross of ( I. cornuta 'Burfordii' x I. pernyi 'Red Delight') x I. latifolia.Mary Nell' Holly grows well in full sun or shade. Can tolerate a wide range of soils. Can tolerate poor drainage but grows best in rich fertile soil with good drainage. Possible insect problems aphid and leaf miner.
Ilexx'Nellie R.Stevens'AquifoliaceaeNellie R. Stevens HollyFemale; putative hybrid of I.cornuta x I. aquifolium from a seed obtained from Nellie R. Stevens about 1900.Nellie R. Stevens' Holly can tolerate poor soils such as poorly drained clay soils in central Texas. Grows and fruits best in rich well drained soils with full sun to part shade. They respond to fertilizer and additional water during drought. Possible insect problems aphid and leaf miner.
Ilexx altaclarensisOld specimen with an open form behind the pavilion Deck fish feeder bench
Ilexx attenuata'East Palatka'AquifoliaceaeTree holly on the Mikoshi berm
Ilexx attenuataFoster No.2 (Fosteri) female'AquifoliaceaeFosters HollyNatural hybrids between I.opaca, I. cassine and I.myrtifolia. Eastern U.S.Fosters Holly can grow in many different soil types, but prefers rich garden soil with a neutral to slightly acidic soil. Can adapt to wet conditions and tolerate seasonal poor drainage but likes well-drained soil. Responds well to regular fertilizer applications. To help temporally reduce iron chlorosis use elemental sulfur 3lbs/100 sq.ft. Proper time to transplant or plant holly's is in the spring.
Ilexx hybrida‘Conaf’ 'Oakleaf'TM ( pp#9487)AquifoliaceaeOakleaf TM HollyFemale; Red Holly Hybrid Oakleaf TM Holly is a newly introduced red hybrid holly with a tall, elegant, pyramidal form. The foliage is emerald green and is similar to the shape of oak leaves. This holly is cold hardy, female variety is stunning as a tall hedge or specimen. It can tolerate pruning into topiary shapes. This evergreen holly hybrid loves full sun. This fast growing responds to rich fertile soil and grows to 14 feet tall and 8 feet wide. Possible insect problems aphid and leaf miner.
Juniperusx media'Pfitzeriana- Glauca'CupressaceaeBlue Pfitzer JuniperGarden origin.Juniperus x media 'Pfitzeriana-Glauca' is a very adaptable plant. It grows in many different type of soils. It is tolerant to drought, heat and cold. But needs good drainage because they are susceptible to root rots. They need full sun and don't tolerate dense shade.
JuniperuschinensisCupressaceaeChinese JuniperNative to China, Mongolia and Japan. Jniperus chinensis is a very adaptable plant it is tolerant to drought, heat and cold. It grows in many different type of soils, but needs good drainage because they are susceptible to root rots. They need full sun and don't tolerate dense shade. Chinese Junipers are susceptible to Juniper Blight and several species of spider mites and bagworms on wet sites root rots. Gardeners not experienced with Chinese Junipers tend to plant to close together or near a structure and when plant matures it becomes an over grown.
JuniperusconfertaCupressaceaeShore JuniperMoon Bridge Island
Juniperusprocumbens'Nana'CupressaceaeDwarf Japanese Garden JuniperGarden origin. Parent plant native to China, Mongolia and Japan.This species of Juniper grows in a wide range of soils. Must have good drainage and does well in alkaline soils with dry conditions and good air movement. Juniper Blight and bag worms can be a problem.
LigustrumjaponicumOleaceaeWax leaf Ligustrum China, Korea and Japan Wax leaf Ligustrum is a excellent multi-purpose shrub. It is tough rapid growing shrub or small tree. It is easily transplanted. tolerates drought ,heat, salt, and pollution. Grows in full sun to part shade. Susceptible to copper deficiency. Symptoms consist of stunting, leaf distortion, and in severe cases, tip dieback, no chlorosis develops. Insect problems can consist of aphids, scale and leaf miner.
LigustrumlucidumOleaceaeJapanese LigustrumChina, Korea and Japan.Like the Wax leaf Ligustrum Japanese Ligustrum is a excellent multi-purpose shrub or small tree. It is tough and rapid growing. It is easily transplanted. tolerates drought ,heat, salt, and pollution. Grows in full sun to part shade. Susceptible to copper deficiency. Symptoms consist of stunting, leaf distortion, and in severe cases, tip dieback, no chlorosis develops. Insect problems can consist of aphids, scale and leaf miner.
LigustrumquihouiOleaceaeBetween the Lake Arbor and the south end of the Karesanui.
LoncerafragrantissmaCaprifoliaceaeWinter HoneysuckleNative to ChinaWinter Honeysuckle is durable and drought, heat and cold tolerant salt tolerance is variable; Prefers loamy soils with medium to dry soil moisture content with well-drained soil conditions; Flowers are the must fragrant of the shrubby species Flowers in mid.to late winter. Prefers full sun to part shade.
MagnoliastellataMagnoliaceaeStar MagnoliaNative to the mountains of southern Honshu at altitudes between 150ft. to 2000ft.Star Magnolias require full sun to afternoon shade; grows best on low acidic sites tolerates the heat as long as long as it receives proper moisture and well drained soil. Poor tolerance to foliar salts and high p.H. soils; flowers are often ruined by late frosts.
MahoniaaquifoliumBerberidaceaeOregon Grape MahoniaNative to western North America.Oregon Grape Mahonia tolerates moderate soil conditions, does not tolerate excessively wet or hot and dry conditions. Grows best in part shady to shade conditions with adequate moisture. Plant on north and east side of buildings. If exposed to windy conditions in the fall or winter may loose its leaves and turn brown on the margins and just become unsightly. Yellow flowers in the spring followed by blue-purple fruit in the fall. Very versatile.
MahoniabealeiBerberidaceaeLeatherleaf MahoniaNative to ChinaLeatherleaf Mahonia is adaptable to most soils as long as it has good drainage. Prefers rich acidic sandy loam soils. Plant prefers some shade on hot Texas afternoons. Plant is healthier if it receives morning sun and needs regular moisture. Yellow flowers in the spring followed by blue-purple fruit in the fall. Very versatile.
MahoniafortuneiBerberidaceaeChinese MahoniaNative to ChinaTolerates moderate soil conditions and temperatures, does not tolerate excessively wet or hot and dry conditions. Grows best in part shady to shade conditions with adequate moisture. Plant on north and east side of buildings. Loves to be in fertile soil and mulched regularly. Pruning will stimulate rhizome development which causes the plant to thicken.
Nandinadomestica'Compacta'BerberidaceaeCompact NandinaGarden origin. Parent plant native to ChinaNandina domestica 'Compacta' needs the same cultural requirements.
Nandinadomestica'Nana'BerberidaceaeDwarf NandinaGarden origin. Parent plant native to ChinaNandina domestica 'Nana' needs the same cultural requirements.
NandinadomesticaBerberidaceaeHeavenly BambooChinaNandina is a tough and durable plant. But they tend to be short lived in parts of Texas. Nandina's need good drainage and a steady supply of moisture. When plants are put in dry soil heavy clay and drought conditions plant seem to go into decline. Plants like morning sun and afternoon shade. In good soils with good drainage plant can tolerate full sun all day. they grow best in acidic soils, plants may develop chlorosis (yellowing of the leaves) in alkaline soils. In the spring prune straggly stems to the base of the plant.
OsmanthusfragrensOleaceaeSweet Holly/ Fragrant Tea OliveHimalaya, Japan and ChinaLess cold hardy then the Osmanthus hetrophyllis Zone lower 7.
OsmanthusheterophyllisOleaceaeFalse HollyJapan and TaiwanFalse Holly tolerates full sun but prefers with afternoon shade; prefers rich moist well drained soil with slightly acidic soil; tolerates neutral soils and can get chlorotic with higher pH conditions. Is not salt or drought tolerant.
PhotiniaserrulataRosaceaeChinese PhotiniaChinaFor the most part Chinese Photinia requires the same site conditions as the Red Tip Photinia, but has less problems with root rot or Entomosporium leaf spot. Moderately good drainage is one of the few requirements.
PhotiniaX fraseriRosaceaeRed Tip Photinia Fraser's PhotiniaA cross between P.glabra x P.serrulataRed Tip Photinia grows best in full to part shade. Flowers and foliage color is best in full sun. Needs well drained fertile soil to grow well. But has a hard time developing healthy roots in poor drained soils. Cotton root rot can be devastating where present. It also has a problem with (Entomosporium leaf spot). Red tip Photinia uses a lot of nitrogen and can become chlorotic on infertile sites. Spring fertilization helps maintain its red color throughout the summer.
Pinusdensiflora'Low Glow'PinaceaeMounded pine with yellow-green needles, in various locations, including the Moriarty Garden
Pinusdensiflora'Umbraculifera'PinaceaeJapanese Red Pine,Tanyosho PineGarden origin. Parent plant native to Japan and KoreaPinus densiflora 'Umbraculifera' is an attractive 10' to 15' tall umbrella-shaped dwarf form. it can be found and sold in our region.
PinusmugoPinaceaeMugo PineMountains of central Europe and the Balkan PeninsulaMugo pines prefers a deep, well-drained, loose soil, but also quite adaptable and tolerate clay soils salt tolerance is good some what drought tolerant ; sun to partial shade; easily transplanted; part of the new candles (spring growing shoots) can be removed to slow size increase and change shape; removal of older tissue by direct pruning yields varying results. Pine Sawfly Larvae being an occasional pest problem.
Pinusnigravar. HornibrookianaPinaceaeHornibrookiana Austrian PineGarden origin. Parent plant from S.E. EuropeThis cultivar of Austrian pine requires the cultural requirements as it's parent species.
PinusnigraHelga'PinaceaeAustrian PineGarden origin. Parent plant from S.E. EuropeAustrian Pine grows in full sun to partial sun; performs best in full sun in moist, well-drained soils, but very adaptable to adverse soil conditions (including chalk or clay, compacted, poor, and/or alkaline soils), moderate to heavy Winter salt spray, heat, drought, and pollution; Tip Blight (Diplodia pinea, also known as Sphaeropsis sapinea) being the overwhelmingly serious disease (specifically fungal) problem, and Pine Sawfly Larvae being an occasional pest problem.
PittosporumtobiraPittosporaceaePittosporum Mock OrangeNative to China, Korea and JapanPittosporum grows in full sun to part shade, tolerant to a large range of soils but must have good drainage and constant supply of moisture tolerant to acidic tolerant to acidic or alkaline soil Established plants are drought tolerant. Needs to be protected from cold winds in hard winters.
Rhaphiolepisindica'Clara'RosaceaeClara Indian HawthornGarden origin. Parent plant native to China.'Clara' Indian Hawthorn grows best in well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. It responds to regular fertilizations well. Is moderately drought resistant when established. Plant may be susceptible to leaf spot in humid conditions.
Rhaphiolepisindica'Jack Evans'RosaceaeJack Evans Indian HawthornGarden origin. Parent plant native to China.'Jack Evans' Indian Hawthorn grows best in well-drained sandy soils enriched with organic matter. This plant is at home in sheltered seaside garden. Full sun to part shade. It responds to regular fertilizations well. Is moderately drought resistant when established. Plant may be susceptible to leaf spot in humid conditions.
Rhaphiolepisumbellata'Blueberry Muffin'RosaceaeBlueberry Muffin Indian HawthornGarden origin. Parent plant native to China.'Blueberry Muffin' Indian Hawthorn grows best in well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. It responds to regular fertilizations well. Is moderately drought resistant when established. Plant may be susceptible to leaf spot in humid conditions.
Rhaphiolepisumbellata'Gulf Green'RosaceaeGulf Green Indian HawthornGarden origin. Parent plant native to China.'Gulf Green' Indian Hawthorn grows best in well-drained sandy soils enriched with organic matter. This plant is at home in sheltered seaside garden. Full sun to part shade. It responds to regular fertilizations well. Is moderately drought resistant when established. Plant may be susceptible to leaf spot in humid conditions.
Rhaphiolepisx'Montic'RosaceaeMontic Indian HawthornGarden origin.'Montic' Indian Hawthorn grows best in well-drained sandy soils enriched with organic matter. This plant is at home in sheltered seaside garden. Full sun to part shade. It responds to regular fertilizations well. Is moderately drought resistant when established. Plant may be susceptible to leaf spot in humid conditions.
Rhododendronx'Conley'EricaceaeAutumn Carnival 'Encore'Garden origin.Plant Autumn Carnival 'Encore' as you would any of the other azaleas. Berm up mound of high organic content and in well-drained, acidic soil, sand, silt and rich with organic matter. Excellent choice for growing indoors for floral displays. Can be grown outdoors where winter temperatures are not below freezing for extended periods of time. Azaleas don't like arid conditions.
Rhododendronx'Robleja' PPIPEricaceaeAutumn Sweetheart 'Encore'Garden origin.Plant Autumn Sweetheart 'Encore' as you would any of the other azaleas. Berm up mound of high organic content and in well-drained, acidic soil, sand, silt and rich with organic matter. Excellent choice for growing indoors for floral displays. Can be grown outdoors where winter temperatures are not below freezing for extended periods of time. Azaleas don't like arid conditions.
Rhododendronx'Salmon Solomon'EricaceaeSalmon Solomon Southern Indica Azalea Belgian Indian AzaleaBelgian Indian azaleas are the result of crosses between many different species, including R. simsii & R.mucronatum. It is a sport of 'Southern Charm' This hybrid is primarily grown in Australia and New Zealand.Plant 'Salmon Solomon Southern Indica Azalea Belgian Indian Azalea as you would any of the other azaleas. Berm up mound of high organic content and in well-drained, acidic soil, sand, silt and rich with organic matter. Excellent choice for growing indoors for floral displays. Can be grown outdoors where winter temperatures are winter temperatures not below freezing for extended periods of time. Azaleas don't like arid conditions.
Rhododendronx 'Grace'EricaceaeHeat tolerant true rhododendron, along the lower East Ramp below the Triplex gate
Rhododendronx indicum'George L. Tabor'EricaceaeGeorge L.Tabor' Southern Indica AzaleaGarden origin.Plant George L.Tabor' Southern Indica Azalea as you would any of the other azaleas. Berm up mound of high organic content and in well-drained, acidic soil, sand, silt and rich with organic matter. Excellent choice for growing indoors for floral displays. Can be grown outdoors where winter temperatures are not below freezing for extended periods of time. Azaleas don't like arid conditions.
Rhododendronx 'Red Ruffles'EricaceaeAzaleas adjacent to the Moon Deck/ Pavilion partition fence
SabalminorPalmaeDwarf PalmettoEast Texas along coast to Corpus Christi, inland to Edwards Plateau North to the Gulf States.Sabal minor is a brush palmetto with fan shaped leaves and has no trunk or above ground stem is a adaptable dwarf Palm for sun or shady areas. often growing along the Gulf Coast in wet marshy lowlands and swamplands. Needs medium water until established, then fairly drought tolerant in any soil but it prefer a sheltered, sunny site with well drained soil rich in organic matter. Is a rugged plant can tolerate heat and cold and has no insect problems. It is a Texas native.
SophorasecundifloraFabaceaeTexas Mescal BeanBrush in Rio Grande Plains north to Austin and west to trans-pecos New Mexico to Mexico.Texas Mountain Laurels are generally disease and pest-free, and tolerate a wide range of well-drained soils. They are native to shallow, gravelly, limestone rocks. Texas Mountain Laurels are often found growing among Rock outcroppings. This large evergreen shrub or small tree produces purple flowers that resemble those of wisteria that have a sweet, fruity fragrance.
Taxusx media'Densiformis'TaxaceaeDensiformis Japanese YewGarden origin. Densiformis Japanese Yew grows in well-drained, fertile soil. Can tolerate alkaline chalky or acidic soils, sun or deep shade. Tolerant of dry soils urban pollution. Plant is toxic if eaten.
Viburnumodoratissium'Awabuki-ChindoCaprifoliaceaeAwabuki-Chindo Sweet ViburnumGarden origin. Parent plant native to Japan. 'Awabuki-Chindo Viburnum needs the same cultural conditions has Sweet Viburnum very durable shrub that can tolerate less than perfect conditions that we have in north central Texas. Grows in moist well-drained fertile soil. It is most comfortable when it receives 1/2 day of sun or more, very heavy and poorly-drained can be a problem. Should be planted more often. Spring flowers are very fragrant white and star shaped flowers 4 in. cross followed by red berries mature to black. Shelter it from north cold, drying winds in hard winters. Grows well in warm to hot climates.
ViburnumodoratissiumCaprifoliaceaeSweet Viburnum / Chindu Sweet ViburnumNative to Japan.Sweet Viburnum is a very durable evergreen shrub that can tolerate less than perfect conditions that we have in north central Texas. Grows in moist well drained fertile soil. It is most comfortable when it receives 1/2 day of sun or more, very heavy and poorly-drained can be a problem. It should be planted more often. Spring flowers are very fragrant white and star shaped flowers 4 in. cross followed by red berries mature to black. Shelter it from north cold, drying winds in hard winters. Grows well in warm to hot climates.
Viburnumplicatumvar.tomentosum'Mariesii'CaprifoliaceaeDoublefile ViburnumGarden origin. Parent plant native to China and Japan.Doublefile Viburnum is a very durable shrub that can tolerate less than perfect conditions that we have in north central Texas. Grows in moist well-drained fertile soil. It is most comfortable sun to part shade. Very heavy and poorly-drained soil will be a problem. Should be planted more often. Prized for its good fall color and very good spring flowering. Shelter it from north cold, drying winds in hard winters. Grows well in warm and hot climates.
ViburnumsuspensumCaprifoliaceaeSandankwa ViburnumWaterfall Overlook Deck
WeigelafloridaCaprifoliaceaeFlowering WeigelaNative to Japan, N.E. China, Korea.Weigela is frost hardy to the cold winter conditions that can face north Texas. It likes full to part shade. Prefers full sun part shade with moist fertile well-drained soil. Prune older branches out after flowering to keep plant healthy.

Trees

GenusSpeciesVariety/ssp.CultivarFamilyCommon NameNativityCultural Conditions
Acca/ syn.FeijoasellowianaMyrtaceaePineapple Guava / Strawberry GuavaBrazil, UruguayAcca sellowiana grows best in full sun and on drier sites with well-drained soil. Grows very well on sandy soil sites. Does not like heavy clay and poorly drained soils. Pineapple guava is susceptible to root rot on poorly drained soils. Pineapple Guava has oval green foliage with flowers that are waxy white with red stamens. Fruit is tasty with a slight pineapple flavor. Can be used as large screen or a small accent tree with moderate growth. Fruit Fly can be a problem in some areas.
BetulanigraBetulaceaeRiver BirchStreams and bottomlands in east Texas. Eastern United States River Birch can be a single or multiple-stemmed tree that finds it's home in shade or full sun. It grows in a variety of soils clay, loam, sand and acidic conditions. Prefers good fertile moist well drained soils. Moderately tolerates mild drought because they are shallow rooted and might need additional water during dry seasons, and tolerant to salt. River Birch responds to well to fertilization and good cultural conditions.
BuxusharlandiiBuxaceaeHarland BoxwoodSouth ChinaBuxus harlandii Has the same type of growing conditions and uses as the Buxus microphylla but may be more susceptible to stem rot.
Buxusmicrophylla'Apple Green'BuxaceaeGarden origin. Cultivation Japan, may have originated China or Korea.Miniature boxwoods at Inner Courtyard
Buxusmicrophylla'Green Pillow'BuxaceaeSingle specimen near north Mikoshi doors, at least 30 years old
Buxusmicrophylla'Japonica'BuxaceaeJapanese BoxwoodGarden origin. Cultivation Japan, may have originated China or Korea.Japanese Boxwoods, do well in sun to partial shade. Newly transplanted plants need more shade and should be protected from midday sun. Established boxwoods do fine in full sun, but should be positioned in partial shade in the afternoon. Boxwoods have shallow roots, so they should be mulched well and watered when the soil gets dry, especially if positioned in full sun. With a shallow root system hoeing at the base should be avoided to prevent root damage. Also is sensitive to over fertilization. Fertilizer applications should be light and frequent.
Buxusmicrophylla'Wintergreen'BuxaceaeWintergreen BoxwoodGarden origin. Cultivation Japan, may have originated China or Korea.Wintergreen Boxwoods, do well in sun to partial shade. Newly transplanted plants need more shade and should be protected from midday sun. Established boxwoods do fine in full sun, but should be positioned in partial shade in the afternoon. Boxwoods have shallow roots, so they should be mulched well and watered when the soil gets dry, especially if positioned in full sun. With a shallow root system hoeing at the base should be avoided to prevent root damage. Also is sensitive to over fertilization. Fertilizer applications should be light and frequent.
Buxussinicavar.insularis'Winter Gem'In southwest courtyard, does well in sun or part shade. Fertilize lightly and frequently.
Cedrusdeodara(Prostrate Dwarf)PinaceaeProstate Dwarf Deodar CedarAfghanistan to W Nepal Deodar Cedar grows best deep, moist but well-drained, acidic loams but likes chalky soil in full sun. Can show iron chlorosis on rocky high alkaline soils. Drought tolerant once established. Intolerant of poorly drained wet soils. Better suited for east Texas than central Texas.
Cephalotaxusharringtonia'Fastigiata'CephalotaxaceaeColumnar Japanese Plum YewNative to Japan ,Korea, China.The Plum Yews are slow growers, some taking as long as 10 years to reach 3-4 ft in height. They grow best in sandy, slightly acidic soils. They should be sheltered from strong winds. Japanese Plum Yew is very shade-tolerant and loves warm climates, but should have more sun in cooler regions. Regular water and well drained soil
ChaenomelesjaponicaRosaceaeWhite Flowering QuinceJapanFlowering Quince likes sun or part shade. A very tough and durable shrub. Tolerates most soils accept for rich high alkaline soils where it suffers iron chlorosis. Plant does best in good soil with good drainage and proper moisture and fertilization. Does not like dry conditions. A showy shrub in early spring in full sun.
Cleyerajaponica'Sotall'TheaceaeBigfoot' cleyera
CleyerajaponicaBigfoot'TheaceaeJapanese CleyeraGarden origin. Parent plant from Burma, China, Korea and JapanJapanese Cleyera 'Bigfoot' grows basically the same conditions as the species Cleyera best in sun with afternoon shade, but avoid reflected afternoon sun in the summer. Cleyera better adapted to higher pH soils but might start showing iron chlorosis. Can tolerate mild drought tolerance. Cleyera needs good drainage.
CleyerajaponicaTheaceaeJapanese CleyeraBurma, China, Korea and JapanCleyera grows best in sun with afternoon shade, but avoid reflected afternoon sun in the summer. Cleyera better adapted to higher pH soils but might start showing iron chlorosis. Can tolerate mild drought tolerance. Cleyera needs good drainage.
Cornusflorida'Alba Plena'CornaceaeFlowering DogwoodEastern N. America Piney woods and Post Oak Savannah.Single specimen on mikoshi berm
Cryptomeriajaponica'Globosa'TaxodiaceaeGlobosa Dwarf Japanese CedarParent plant native to Japan.Japanese Cedar tolerates most well-drained soils, but grows best in deep rich fertile well-drained soils and it likes ample moisture. Plant in a protected site. Texas plant prefers morning sun and afternoon shade to part shade.
Cryptomeriajaponica'Globosa Nana'TaxodiaceaeOld specimen next to the Harland Boxwoods
Cryptomeriajaponica'Gyokruya'TaxodiaceaeGyokruya Dwarf Japanese CedarParent plant native to Japan. 'Gyokruya' Japanese Cedar tolerates most well-drained soils, but grows best in deep rich fertile well-drained soils and it likes ample moisture. Plant in a protected site. Texas plant prefers morning sun and afternoon shade to part shade.
Cryptomeriajaponica'Monstrosa Nana'TaxodiaceaeLittle Monster dwarf Japanese CedarParent plant native to Japan.Specimens at the Machiai and Lower East Ramp. Tolerates most well-drained soils, but grows best in deep rich fertile well-drained soils and it likes ample moisture. Plant in a protected site. Texas plant prefers morning sun and afternoon shade to part shade.
DeutziagracilisHydrangeaceaeSlender DeutziaNative to JapanSlender Deutzia is shrub grows best in a sheltered site with morning sun to part shade it will produce more flowers with more shade. Grows in most reasonable fertile soil and generally moist soil. Hardy to Zone 5. Grows to about 3 to 4 ft. tall with white flowers in terminal clusters. After flowering it can be sheared to make a nice shrub.
ElaeagnusmacrophyllaElaeagnaceaeSilverberryKorea ,JapanSilverberry is an evergreen shrub that tolerates grows in full sun, to shade semi-shade. Silverberry tolerates a wide range of soils sandy, loamy and clay soils, requires well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. The plant prefers acid, neutral and alkaline soils. It requires dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought. Silverberry grows in many difficult situations. It does require frequent pruning.
EriobotryajaponicaRosaceaeLoquat China, Japan.Full sun for best form and fruit, can also be grown in shady areas, but flowering will be reduced. Flowers are not showy but extremely fragrant. Water regularly when young. Needs good drainage and will tolerate alkaline soil. Once established, is drought resistant. Adequate moisture and mulch will keep loquats looking their best and increase fruit yield. Best grown in Zones 7-10; fruit and flowers can be destroyed by low temperatures at about 26 to 28ºF. Loquats are somewhat susceptible to fire blight and cotton root rot.
Eriobotryax'Coppertone'RosaceaeCoppertone LoquatGarden origin. Parent native to China, JapanCoppertone Loquat is a cultivar that requires the same conditions as the species. Grows best in full sun to part shade. But in shade there will be less flowers and fruit. Needs good drainage and tolerate alkaline soil. Needs adequate moisture and mulch. Loquats are somewhat susceptible to fire blight, cutworms and cotton root rot.
Erythrinacrista-galliFabaceaeCockspur Coral TreeE. Bolivia to ArgentinaWoody perennial shrub in this area
Euonymusbungeanus'Pendula'CelastraceaeWeeping WahooChina, KoreaWeeping Wahoo prefers full sun to partial shade. Plant can grow in a wide range of soil types but needs good drainage. Makes a nice large shrub or small tree. Rhiziomal and stoloniferous roots spread and new growth comes from sprouts off of roots.
Euonymusjaponicus'Aureo-marginatus' 'Aureo-marginata'CelastraceaeGold-Edge EuonymusGarden origin. Parent plant from China, Korea and JapanA tough and durable upright shrub to 5 to 6 feet. Grows well in moist soil and tolerates considerable drought. Will grow in poor soil with poor nutrients. Grows in full sun to shade to very dense shade. Most gardeners that work with this plant agree it is a versatile plant. Main pest is euonymus scale.
FatsiajaponicaAraliaceaeFatsia / Japanese AraliaSouth Korea, JapanFatsia japonica grows in shade to morning sun. It can tolerate many different types of soil from heavy clay to a good sandy loam with and moderate toleration to poor drainage. Grows best in loose, highly organic soil do not allow to dry. Responds well to proper fertilization. The most important element to remember is it needs to be planted a shady location. does not do well in hot sunny southern and western locations.
Forsythiax intermediaOleaceaeGolden ForsythiaHybrid cross between F.suspensa x F.viridissima.Forsythia is adaptable to nearly any soil but exceptionally dry soil. It must also have good drainage. Grows in full sun and part shade. Deciduous shrub brilliant yellow flowers in early spring, before leaves emerge. Best suited for northern half of Texas, where flower production is greater because plant requires winter temperatures well below freezing. Should be pruned back after the spring blooms because flower buds develop during summer and fall. Allow room for shrub to grow.
HibiscussyriacusMalvaceaeRose-of- SharonChina to India.Rose of Sharon loves full sun and afternoon shade. Grows to 8 to 10 feet. Adapts to soil pH but prefers slightly acidic soil. Heat tolerant with regular irrigation. Slow to break bud in the spring, but be patient. Water and fertilize regularly during flowering, is not salt tolerant foliar salt soil salts. Plants may require nitrogen applications to retain its dark green color. Susceptible to cotton root rot.
HydrangaquercifoliaHydrangeaceaeOak Leaf HydrangeaS.E. USOak leaf Hydrangea is adaptable shrub grows best in rich ,moist soil in shade to part shade best location north and eastside of a building. Leaves and flowers will scorch given to much sun.
Hypericumfrondosum'Sunburst'AcanthaceaeAdjacent the east Pool Landing fish food box
HypericumspClusiaceaeSt. John's Wort / Aaron's BeardS.E. Bulgaria, N.E & N.W TurkeyHypericum is mostly a cool-climate can grow in sun but prefers part shade north central Texas. A low growing woody perennial or shrub 2 to 3 feet tall. Prune in winter to maintain it's round shape. Best to grow in rich organic garden soil. It is subject to iron chlorosis if grown in alkaline soils. Responds to fertilizer watering well. Must be kept moist through the spring and summer. Does not do well in drought conditions.
Ilexcornuta'Burfordi'AquifoliaceaeDwarf Burford HollyGarden origin. Parent plant native to China, Korea and Japan.Burford Holly grows well in full sun or shade. Can tolerate a wide range of soils. Can tolerate poor drainage but grows best in rich fertile soil with good drainage. Possible insect problems aphid and leaf miner.
Ilexcornuta'Carissa'AquifoliaceaeCarissa HollyFemale; bud mutation of 'Rotunda' discovered R.Bears at Wight Nursery PP.3187 by Wight. Nursery.Carissa Holly grows well in full sun or shade. Can tolerate a wide range of soils. Can tolerate poor drainage but grows best in rich fertile soil with good drainage.
IlexcornutaAquifoliaceaeChinese Horned HollyChina, Korea and JapanChinese Holly can tolerate poor soils such as poorly drained clay soils central Texas. Grows and fruits best in rich well drained soils with full sun to part shade. They respond to fertilizer and additional water during drought. Possible insect problems aphid and leaf miner.
Ilexdeciduavar.deciduaAquifoliaceaePossum Haw HollyWoods and edges of swamps in east Texas, south to Victoria. United States, lowlands and river bottoms, also drier upland forest areas. Possumhaws love full sun, shade and dappled to part shade. Soil prefaces are sandy, loam, clay, limestone; Possumhaws are tolerate the seasonal of poor drainage.
IlexlatifoliaAquifoliaceaeLusterleaf / TarajoFirst recorded in Japan, also native to China in the coastal provinces.Lusterleaf Holly grows in full sun to part shade. Soil requirements are clay loam sandy slightly alkaline. After has been established it has a high tolerance to drought.
Ilexvomitoriassp. vomitoriaAquifoliaceaeYaupon HollyNative to s.e. US south to Texas. Yaupons love full sun ,shade and dappled to part shade. Yaupons can grow in a wide range of soils. It is usually found growing in sandy, loam, clay, limestone. Yaupons are tolerant of poor soil drainage.
Ilexvomitoria'Nana'AquifoliaceaeDwarf Yaupon HollyParent plant native to the Coastal areas of U.S. s.e. west to Arizona. Like Yaupon Holly's dwarf Yaupons love full sun ,shade and dappled to part shade. This yaupon grows to 2 to3 feet tall and 4 to 5 feet wide. Yaupons can grow in a wide range of soils. It is usually found growing in sandy, loam, clay, limestone. Yaupons are tolerant of poor soil drainage.
Ilexvomitoria'Pendula'AquifoliaceaeWeeping Yaupon HollyParent plant native to the Coastal areas of U.S. s.e. west to Arizona.Weeping Yaupons Holly like other Yaupons Holly's love full sun, shade and dappled to part shade. Yaupons can grow in a wide range of soils. It is usually found growing in sandy, loam, clay, limestone. Yaupons are tolerant of poor soil drainage.
Ilexx'Mary Nell'AquifoliaceaeMary Nell HollyFemale; controlled cross of ( I. cornuta 'Burfordii' x I. pernyi 'Red Delight') x I. latifolia.Mary Nell' Holly grows well in full sun or shade. Can tolerate a wide range of soils. Can tolerate poor drainage but grows best in rich fertile soil with good drainage. Possible insect problems aphid and leaf miner.
Ilexx'Nellie R.Stevens'AquifoliaceaeNellie R. Stevens HollyFemale; putative hybrid of I.cornuta x I. aquifolium from a seed obtained from Nellie R. Stevens about 1900.Nellie R. Stevens' Holly can tolerate poor soils such as poorly drained clay soils in central Texas. Grows and fruits best in rich well drained soils with full sun to part shade. They respond to fertilizer and additional water during drought. Possible insect problems aphid and leaf miner.
Ilexx altaclarensisOld specimen with an open form behind the pavilion Deck fish feeder bench
Ilexx attenuata'East Palatka'AquifoliaceaeTree holly on the Mikoshi berm
Ilexx attenuataFoster No.2 (Fosteri) female'AquifoliaceaeFosters HollyNatural hybrids between I.opaca, I. cassine and I.myrtifolia. Eastern U.S.Fosters Holly can grow in many different soil types, but prefers rich garden soil with a neutral to slightly acidic soil. Can adapt to wet conditions and tolerate seasonal poor drainage but likes well-drained soil. Responds well to regular fertilizer applications. To help temporally reduce iron chlorosis use elemental sulfur 3lbs/100 sq.ft. Proper time to transplant or plant holly's is in the spring.
Ilexx hybrida‘Conaf’ 'Oakleaf'TM ( pp#9487)AquifoliaceaeOakleaf TM HollyFemale; Red Holly Hybrid Oakleaf TM Holly is a newly introduced red hybrid holly with a tall, elegant, pyramidal form. The foliage is emerald green and is similar to the shape of oak leaves. This holly is cold hardy, female variety is stunning as a tall hedge or specimen. It can tolerate pruning into topiary shapes. This evergreen holly hybrid loves full sun. This fast growing responds to rich fertile soil and grows to 14 feet tall and 8 feet wide. Possible insect problems aphid and leaf miner.
Juniperusx media'Pfitzeriana- Glauca'CupressaceaeBlue Pfitzer JuniperGarden origin.Juniperus x media 'Pfitzeriana-Glauca' is a very adaptable plant. It grows in many different type of soils. It is tolerant to drought, heat and cold. But needs good drainage because they are susceptible to root rots. They need full sun and don't tolerate dense shade.
JuniperuschinensisCupressaceaeChinese JuniperNative to China, Mongolia and Japan. Jniperus chinensis is a very adaptable plant it is tolerant to drought, heat and cold. It grows in many different type of soils, but needs good drainage because they are susceptible to root rots. They need full sun and don't tolerate dense shade. Chinese Junipers are susceptible to Juniper Blight and several species of spider mites and bagworms on wet sites root rots. Gardeners not experienced with Chinese Junipers tend to plant to close together or near a structure and when plant matures it becomes an over grown.
JuniperusconfertaCupressaceaeShore JuniperMoon Bridge Island
Juniperusprocumbens'Nana'CupressaceaeDwarf Japanese Garden JuniperGarden origin. Parent plant native to China, Mongolia and Japan.This species of Juniper grows in a wide range of soils. Must have good drainage and does well in alkaline soils with dry conditions and good air movement. Juniper Blight and bag worms can be a problem.
LigustrumjaponicumOleaceaeWax leaf Ligustrum China, Korea and Japan Wax leaf Ligustrum is a excellent multi-purpose shrub. It is tough rapid growing shrub or small tree. It is easily transplanted. tolerates drought ,heat, salt, and pollution. Grows in full sun to part shade. Susceptible to copper deficiency. Symptoms consist of stunting, leaf distortion, and in severe cases, tip dieback, no chlorosis develops. Insect problems can consist of aphids, scale and leaf miner.
LigustrumlucidumOleaceaeJapanese LigustrumChina, Korea and Japan.Like the Wax leaf Ligustrum Japanese Ligustrum is a excellent multi-purpose shrub or small tree. It is tough and rapid growing. It is easily transplanted. tolerates drought ,heat, salt, and pollution. Grows in full sun to part shade. Susceptible to copper deficiency. Symptoms consist of stunting, leaf distortion, and in severe cases, tip dieback, no chlorosis develops. Insect problems can consist of aphids, scale and leaf miner.
LigustrumquihouiOleaceaeBetween the Lake Arbor and the south end of the Karesanui.
LoncerafragrantissmaCaprifoliaceaeWinter HoneysuckleNative to ChinaWinter Honeysuckle is durable and drought, heat and cold tolerant salt tolerance is variable; Prefers loamy soils with medium to dry soil moisture content with well-drained soil conditions; Flowers are the must fragrant of the shrubby species Flowers in mid.to late winter. Prefers full sun to part shade.
MagnoliastellataMagnoliaceaeStar MagnoliaNative to the mountains of southern Honshu at altitudes between 150ft. to 2000ft.Star Magnolias require full sun to afternoon shade; grows best on low acidic sites tolerates the heat as long as long as it receives proper moisture and well drained soil. Poor tolerance to foliar salts and high p.H. soils; flowers are often ruined by late frosts.
MahoniaaquifoliumBerberidaceaeOregon Grape MahoniaNative to western North America.Oregon Grape Mahonia tolerates moderate soil conditions, does not tolerate excessively wet or hot and dry conditions. Grows best in part shady to shade conditions with adequate moisture. Plant on north and east side of buildings. If exposed to windy conditions in the fall or winter may loose its leaves and turn brown on the margins and just become unsightly. Yellow flowers in the spring followed by blue-purple fruit in the fall. Very versatile.
MahoniabealeiBerberidaceaeLeatherleaf MahoniaNative to ChinaLeatherleaf Mahonia is adaptable to most soils as long as it has good drainage. Prefers rich acidic sandy loam soils. Plant prefers some shade on hot Texas afternoons. Plant is healthier if it receives morning sun and needs regular moisture. Yellow flowers in the spring followed by blue-purple fruit in the fall. Very versatile.
MahoniafortuneiBerberidaceaeChinese MahoniaNative to ChinaTolerates moderate soil conditions and temperatures, does not tolerate excessively wet or hot and dry conditions. Grows best in part shady to shade conditions with adequate moisture. Plant on north and east side of buildings. Loves to be in fertile soil and mulched regularly. Pruning will stimulate rhizome development which causes the plant to thicken.
Nandinadomestica'Compacta'BerberidaceaeCompact NandinaGarden origin. Parent plant native to ChinaNandina domestica 'Compacta' needs the same cultural requirements.
Nandinadomestica'Nana'BerberidaceaeDwarf NandinaGarden origin. Parent plant native to ChinaNandina domestica 'Nana' needs the same cultural requirements.
NandinadomesticaBerberidaceaeHeavenly BambooChinaNandina is a tough and durable plant. But they tend to be short lived in parts of Texas. Nandina's need good drainage and a steady supply of moisture. When plants are put in dry soil heavy clay and drought conditions plant seem to go into decline. Plants like morning sun and afternoon shade. In good soils with good drainage plant can tolerate full sun all day. they grow best in acidic soils, plants may develop chlorosis (yellowing of the leaves) in alkaline soils. In the spring prune straggly stems to the base of the plant.
OsmanthusfragrensOleaceaeSweet Holly/ Fragrant Tea OliveHimalaya, Japan and ChinaLess cold hardy then the Osmanthus hetrophyllis Zone lower 7.
OsmanthusheterophyllisOleaceaeFalse HollyJapan and TaiwanFalse Holly tolerates full sun but prefers with afternoon shade; prefers rich moist well drained soil with slightly acidic soil; tolerates neutral soils and can get chlorotic with higher pH conditions. Is not salt or drought tolerant.
PhotiniaserrulataRosaceaeChinese PhotiniaChinaFor the most part Chinese Photinia requires the same site conditions as the Red Tip Photinia, but has less problems with root rot or Entomosporium leaf spot. Moderately good drainage is one of the few requirements.
PhotiniaX fraseriRosaceaeRed Tip Photinia Fraser's PhotiniaA cross between P.glabra x P.serrulataRed Tip Photinia grows best in full to part shade. Flowers and foliage color is best in full sun. Needs well drained fertile soil to grow well. But has a hard time developing healthy roots in poor drained soils. Cotton root rot can be devastating where present. It also has a problem with (Entomosporium leaf spot). Red tip Photinia uses a lot of nitrogen and can become chlorotic on infertile sites. Spring fertilization helps maintain its red color throughout the summer.
Pinusdensiflora'Low Glow'PinaceaeMounded pine with yellow-green needles, in various locations, including the Moriarty Garden
Pinusdensiflora'Umbraculifera'PinaceaeJapanese Red Pine,Tanyosho PineGarden origin. Parent plant native to Japan and KoreaPinus densiflora 'Umbraculifera' is an attractive 10' to 15' tall umbrella-shaped dwarf form. it can be found and sold in our region.
PinusmugoPinaceaeMugo PineMountains of central Europe and the Balkan PeninsulaMugo pines prefers a deep, well-drained, loose soil, but also quite adaptable and tolerate clay soils salt tolerance is good some what drought tolerant ; sun to partial shade; easily transplanted; part of the new candles (spring growing shoots) can be removed to slow size increase and change shape; removal of older tissue by direct pruning yields varying results. Pine Sawfly Larvae being an occasional pest problem.
Pinusnigravar. HornibrookianaPinaceaeHornibrookiana Austrian PineGarden origin. Parent plant from S.E. EuropeThis cultivar of Austrian pine requires the cultural requirements as it's parent species.
PinusnigraHelga'PinaceaeAustrian PineGarden origin. Parent plant from S.E. EuropeAustrian Pine grows in full sun to partial sun; performs best in full sun in moist, well-drained soils, but very adaptable to adverse soil conditions (including chalk or clay, compacted, poor, and/or alkaline soils), moderate to heavy Winter salt spray, heat, drought, and pollution; Tip Blight (Diplodia pinea, also known as Sphaeropsis sapinea) being the overwhelmingly serious disease (specifically fungal) problem, and Pine Sawfly Larvae being an occasional pest problem.
PittosporumtobiraPittosporaceaePittosporum Mock OrangeNative to China, Korea and JapanPittosporum grows in full sun to part shade, tolerant to a large range of soils but must have good drainage and constant supply of moisture tolerant to acidic tolerant to acidic or alkaline soil Established plants are drought tolerant. Needs to be protected from cold winds in hard winters.
Rhaphiolepisindica'Clara'RosaceaeClara Indian HawthornGarden origin. Parent plant native to China.'Clara' Indian Hawthorn grows best in well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. It responds to regular fertilizations well. Is moderately drought resistant when established. Plant may be susceptible to leaf spot in humid conditions.
Rhaphiolepisindica'Jack Evans'RosaceaeJack Evans Indian HawthornGarden origin. Parent plant native to China.'Jack Evans' Indian Hawthorn grows best in well-drained sandy soils enriched with organic matter. This plant is at home in sheltered seaside garden. Full sun to part shade. It responds to regular fertilizations well. Is moderately drought resistant when established. Plant may be susceptible to leaf spot in humid conditions.
Rhaphiolepisumbellata'Blueberry Muffin'RosaceaeBlueberry Muffin Indian HawthornGarden origin. Parent plant native to China.'Blueberry Muffin' Indian Hawthorn grows best in well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. It responds to regular fertilizations well. Is moderately drought resistant when established. Plant may be susceptible to leaf spot in humid conditions.
Rhaphiolepisumbellata'Gulf Green'RosaceaeGulf Green Indian HawthornGarden origin. Parent plant native to China.'Gulf Green' Indian Hawthorn grows best in well-drained sandy soils enriched with organic matter. This plant is at home in sheltered seaside garden. Full sun to part shade. It responds to regular fertilizations well. Is moderately drought resistant when established. Plant may be susceptible to leaf spot in humid conditions.
Rhaphiolepisx'Montic'RosaceaeMontic Indian HawthornGarden origin.'Montic' Indian Hawthorn grows best in well-drained sandy soils enriched with organic matter. This plant is at home in sheltered seaside garden. Full sun to part shade. It responds to regular fertilizations well. Is moderately drought resistant when established. Plant may be susceptible to leaf spot in humid conditions.
Rhododendronx'Conley'EricaceaeAutumn Carnival 'Encore'Garden origin.Plant Autumn Carnival 'Encore' as you would any of the other azaleas. Berm up mound of high organic content and in well-drained, acidic soil, sand, silt and rich with organic matter. Excellent choice for growing indoors for floral displays. Can be grown outdoors where winter temperatures are not below freezing for extended periods of time. Azaleas don't like arid conditions.
Rhododendronx'Robleja' PPIPEricaceaeAutumn Sweetheart 'Encore'Garden origin.Plant Autumn Sweetheart 'Encore' as you would any of the other azaleas. Berm up mound of high organic content and in well-drained, acidic soil, sand, silt and rich with organic matter. Excellent choice for growing indoors for floral displays. Can be grown outdoors where winter temperatures are not below freezing for extended periods of time. Azaleas don't like arid conditions.
Rhododendronx'Salmon Solomon'EricaceaeSalmon Solomon Southern Indica Azalea Belgian Indian AzaleaBelgian Indian azaleas are the result of crosses between many different species, including R. simsii & R.mucronatum. It is a sport of 'Southern Charm' This hybrid is primarily grown in Australia and New Zealand.Plant 'Salmon Solomon Southern Indica Azalea Belgian Indian Azalea as you would any of the other azaleas. Berm up mound of high organic content and in well-drained, acidic soil, sand, silt and rich with organic matter. Excellent choice for growing indoors for floral displays. Can be grown outdoors where winter temperatures are winter temperatures not below freezing for extended periods of time. Azaleas don't like arid conditions.
Rhododendronx 'Grace'EricaceaeHeat tolerant true rhododendron, along the lower East Ramp below the Triplex gate
Rhododendronx indicum'George L. Tabor'EricaceaeGeorge L.Tabor' Southern Indica AzaleaGarden origin.Plant George L.Tabor' Southern Indica Azalea as you would any of the other azaleas. Berm up mound of high organic content and in well-drained, acidic soil, sand, silt and rich with organic matter. Excellent choice for growing indoors for floral displays. Can be grown outdoors where winter temperatures are not below freezing for extended periods of time. Azaleas don't like arid conditions.
Rhododendronx 'Red Ruffles'EricaceaeAzaleas adjacent to the Moon Deck/ Pavilion partition fence
SabalminorPalmaeDwarf PalmettoEast Texas along coast to Corpus Christi, inland to Edwards Plateau North to the Gulf States.Sabal minor is a brush palmetto with fan shaped leaves and has no trunk or above ground stem is a adaptable dwarf Palm for sun or shady areas. often growing along the Gulf Coast in wet marshy lowlands and swamplands. Needs medium water until established, then fairly drought tolerant in any soil but it prefer a sheltered, sunny site with well drained soil rich in organic matter. Is a rugged plant can tolerate heat and cold and has no insect problems. It is a Texas native.
SophorasecundifloraFabaceaeTexas Mescal BeanBrush in Rio Grande Plains north to Austin and west to trans-pecos New Mexico to Mexico.Texas Mountain Laurels are generally disease and pest-free, and tolerate a wide range of well-drained soils. They are native to shallow, gravelly, limestone rocks. Texas Mountain Laurels are often found growing among Rock outcroppings. This large evergreen shrub or small tree produces purple flowers that resemble those of wisteria that have a sweet, fruity fragrance.
Taxusx media'Densiformis'TaxaceaeDensiformis Japanese YewGarden origin. Densiformis Japanese Yew grows in well-drained, fertile soil. Can tolerate alkaline chalky or acidic soils, sun or deep shade. Tolerant of dry soils urban pollution. Plant is toxic if eaten.
Viburnumodoratissium'Awabuki-ChindoCaprifoliaceaeAwabuki-Chindo Sweet ViburnumGarden origin. Parent plant native to Japan. 'Awabuki-Chindo Viburnum needs the same cultural conditions has Sweet Viburnum very durable shrub that can tolerate less than perfect conditions that we have in north central Texas. Grows in moist well-drained fertile soil. It is most comfortable when it receives 1/2 day of sun or more, very heavy and poorly-drained can be a problem. Should be planted more often. Spring flowers are very fragrant white and star shaped flowers 4 in. cross followed by red berries mature to black. Shelter it from north cold, drying winds in hard winters. Grows well in warm to hot climates.
ViburnumodoratissiumCaprifoliaceaeSweet Viburnum / Chindu Sweet ViburnumNative to Japan.Sweet Viburnum is a very durable evergreen shrub that can tolerate less than perfect conditions that we have in north central Texas. Grows in moist well drained fertile soil. It is most comfortable when it receives 1/2 day of sun or more, very heavy and poorly-drained can be a problem. It should be planted more often. Spring flowers are very fragrant white and star shaped flowers 4 in. cross followed by red berries mature to black. Shelter it from north cold, drying winds in hard winters. Grows well in warm to hot climates.
Viburnumplicatumvar.tomentosum'Mariesii'CaprifoliaceaeDoublefile ViburnumGarden origin. Parent plant native to China and Japan.Doublefile Viburnum is a very durable shrub that can tolerate less than perfect conditions that we have in north central Texas. Grows in moist well-drained fertile soil. It is most comfortable sun to part shade. Very heavy and poorly-drained soil will be a problem. Should be planted more often. Prized for its good fall color and very good spring flowering. Shelter it from north cold, drying winds in hard winters. Grows well in warm and hot climates.
ViburnumsuspensumCaprifoliaceaeSandankwa ViburnumWaterfall Overlook Deck
WeigelafloridaCaprifoliaceaeFlowering WeigelaNative to Japan, N.E. China, Korea.Weigela is frost hardy to the cold winter conditions that can face north Texas. It likes full to part shade. Prefers full sun part shade with moist fertile well-drained soil. Prune older branches out after flowering to keep plant healthy.

Vines

GenusSpeciesVariety/ssp.CultivarFamilyCommon NameNativityCultural Conditions
AcerbuergerianumAceraceaeTrident MapleChinaAttractive small tree that grows best in well-drained fertile acidic soil. Grows in sun to part shade. Can develop iron chlorosis if planted in alkaline soil. To help temporally reduce iron chlorosis use elemental sulfur 3lbs/100 sq.ft.
Acerpalmatumssp. matsumurae'Bloodgood'AceraceaeBloodgood Japanese MapleParent plant from JapanIdeal soil conditions for Japanese Maples cultivars consists of a sandy loam with a low content of organic matter. Richer soils make the Japanese Maples grow healthier and with vigorous growth. They also like well-drained sites. Japanese Maple species don't do well in wet or swampy conditions. To have a happy Japanese Maples plant as an under-story tree or it will develop leaf scorch in the summer due to intense sunlight. Roots are not deep rooted and mulching is quite important since mulching helps retain moisture. Maples prefer slightly acidic to neutral pH for best fall color.
Acerpalmatumssp. matsumuraeEmperor'AceraceaeEmperor Japanese MapleNative to JapanIdeal soil conditions for Japanese Maples cultivars consists of a sandy loam with a low content of organic matter. Richer soils make the Japanese Maples grow healthier and with vigorous growth. They also like well-drained sites. Japanese Maple species don't do well in wet or swampy conditions. To have a happy Japanese Maples plant as an under-story tree or it will develop leaf scorch in the summer due to intense sunlight. Roots are not deep rooted and mulching is quite important since mulching helps retain moisture. Maples prefer slightly acidic to neutral pH for best fall color.
Acerpalmatumssp. matsumurae'Ever Red'AceraceaeEver Red Japanese MapleParent plant from JapanIdeal soil conditions for Japanese Maples cultivars consists of a sandy loam with a low content of organic matter. Richer soils make the Japanese Maples grow healthier and with vigorous growth. They also like well-drained sites. Japanese Maple species don't do well in wet or swampy conditions. To have a happy Japanese Maples plant as an under-story tree or it will develop leaf scorch in the summer due to intense sunlight. Roots are not deep rooted and mulching is quite important since mulching helps retain moisture. Maples prefer slightly acidic to neutral pH for best fall color.
Acerpalmatumssp. matsumurae'Atropurpureum'AceraceaeAtropurpureum Japanese MapleParent plant from JapanIdeal soil conditions for Japanese Maples cultivars consists of a sandy loam with a low content of organic matter. Richer soils make the Japanese Maples grow healthier and with vigorous growth. They also like well-drained sites. Japanese Maple species don't do well in wet or swampy conditions. To have a happy Japanese Maples plant as an under-story tree or it will develop leaf scorch in the summer due to intense sunlight. Roots are not deep rooted and mulching is quite important since mulching helps retain moisture. Maples prefer slightly acidic to neutral pH for best fall color.
Acerpalmatumssp. matsumuraeSharp's Pygmy'AceraceaeParent plant from JapanIdeal soil conditions for Japanese Maples cultivars consists of a sandy loam with a low content of organic matter. Richer soils make the Japanese Maples grow healthier and with vigorous growth. They also like well-drained sites. Japanese Maple species don't do well in wet or swampy conditions. To have a happy Japanese Maples plant as an under-story tree or it will develop leaf scorch in the summer due to intense sunlight. Roots are not deep rooted and mulching is quite important since mulching helps retain moisture. Maples prefer slightly acidic to neutral pH.
Acerpalmatumvar dissectum'Tamukeyama'Near 11-tiered pagoda
Acerpalmatumvar. palmatum'Sango kaku'AceraceaeCoral Bark MapleParent plant from JapanIdeal soil conditions for Japanese Maples cultivars consists of a sandy loam with a low content of organic matter. Richer soils make the Japanese Maples grow healthier and with vigorous growth. They also like well-drained sites. Japanese Maple species don't do well in wet or swampy conditions. To have a happy Japanese Maples plant as an under-story tree or it will develop leaf scorch in the summer due to intense sunlight. Roots are not deep rooted and mulching is quite important since mulching helps retain moisture. Maples prefer slightly acidic to neutral pH for best fall color.
Acerpalmatumvar. palmatumLion's Head'AceraceaeLion's Head Japanese MapleIdeal soil conditions for Japanese Maples cultivars consists of a sandy loam with a low content of organic matter. Richer soils make the Japanese Maples grow healthier and with vigorous growth. They also like well-drained sites. Japanese Maple species don't do well in wet or swampy conditions. To have a happy Japanese Maples plant as an under-story tree or it will develop leaf scorch in the summer due to intense sunlight. Roots are not deep rooted and mulching is quite important since mulching helps retain moisture. Maples prefer slightly acidic to neutral pH for best fall color.
Acerpalmatum'Red Select'AceraceaeRed Select Japanese MapleParent plant from JapanIdeal soil conditions for Japanese Maples cultivars consists of a sandy loam with a low content of organic matter. Richer soils make the Japanese Maples grow healthier and with vigorous growth. They also like well-drained sites. Japanese Maple species don't do well in wet or swampy conditions. To have a happy Japanese Maples plant as an under-story tree or it will develop leaf scorch in the summer due to intense sunlight. Roots are not deep rooted and mulching is quite important since mulching helps retain moisture. Maples prefer slightly acidic to neutral pH for best fall color.
Acerpalmatum'Shishigashira'Lion's Head Maple
Acerpalmatum'Wolff'single specimen in nursery
AcerrubrumSwamp MapleNear Checkerboard bridge
Acersaccharumssp. floridanumAceraceaeFlorida Sugar Maple/ Caddo MapleFloridaThe plant prefers sandy, loamy and clay soils, just as long as it is well-drained soil. The plant prefers acid, neutral and alkaline soils and can grow in very acidic soil. It grows in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It requires moist soil. It can tolerate atmospheric pollution. It can tolerate dry conditions but must get adequate moisture because it suffers in summer temperatures. It also is sensitive to reflected heat and compacted soils.
Acersaccharumssp. LeucodermeChalk MapleNear the shop back door
AcersaccharumAceraceaeSabinal MapleEastern North AmericaFull sun to part shade especially young plants need afternoon shade. Moist well drained soils that remain cool are preferred. Mulching recommended cool the root system. Tree grows best in slightly acidic to neural soils. They are more tolerant to high pH soils then most other Acer species. It doesn't tolerate dry conditions and must get adequate moisture because it suffers in summer temperatures. It also is sensitive to reflected heat and compacted soils.
Acerjaponicumf.aconitifoliumMaiku Jaku (Dancing Peacock)AceraceaeMaiku Jaku Japanese Maple/Fern Leaf MapleParent plant from JapanFern Leaf maple grows in the same soils that all Japanese Maples prefer. The ideal soil conditions consists of a sandy loam with a low content of organic matter. Richer soils make the Japanese Maples grow at a more rapid growth. They also like well-drained sites. These species don't do well in wet or swampy conditions. In Texas Japanese Maples are used as an under-story trees. If Japanese Maples receive too much summer sun they will develop leaf scorch due to intense sunlight. Roots are not deep rooted that is why mulching is quite important since mulching helps retain moisture. Maples prefer slightly acidic to neutral pH.
AcermonspessulanumAceraceaeMontpellier MapleSE Europe to W.AsiaCan tolerate all kinds of soil and drought conditions in the North Central Texas. Native to the plains of Tigris, in Iraq and eastern Turkey. A dense like shrub like tree.
Aesculuspaviavar. paviaHippocastanaceaeRed BuckeyePiney Woods, Post Oak Savannah, infrequent on southeastern U.S. Coastal and Blacklands Prairies to Edward Plateau of Texas.Red Buckeye grows mostly as an under story tree. Can tolerate full to shade. Prefers wooded areas near seeps or springs in deep sandy loose slightly alkaline soil conditions can survive with acidic or more neutral pH on open drier sites. With these conditions plant can be drought tolerant. They are susceptible to leaf spot. Plants best site is where water is available and soil has good drainage and low humidity to prevent leaf spot. Buckeyes are fast growing under ideal conditions.
AilanthusaltissimaSimaroubaceaeTree-of-HeavenNorth ChinaTree of Heaven can be considered a weed tree. It will grow just about anywhere abandoned lots, compacted soils, opportunistic plant is seen as weeds in flower beds. Drought, heat and pollution tolerant. Grows all kinds of drainage conditions and soil pH conditions. It is actually hard to kill once it is established. This species has naturalized in a wide range of ecotypes in North America.
Broussonetiapapyrifera var.kazinokiMoraceaeKazinoki Paper MulberryNative to KoreaPaper Mulberry will grow in just about any circumstance. But prefers good rich fertile soil with good well-drained soil but can grow in nutritionally poor soil. The plant prefers acid, neutral and alkaline soils. It grows in full sun with a sheltered humid site. Should be protected from the wind. It tolerates dry but does best in moist soil. It can tolerate atmospheric pollution woodland gardens, sunny edge, dappled shade. Zone 6 but Zone 5 where protected.
Carpinusbetulus'Fastigiata'BetulaceaeHornbeamParent plant EuropeDifficult to transplant. To successfully transplant one should use small balled and burlapped or container-grown tree and plant in the spring. Sun to partial shade site and tolerates a range of soil types but prefers moist, moderately fertile well drained soil tolerates wide range of soil conditions.
CaryaillinoensisJuglandaceaePecanAlong streams and bottomlands throughout Texas, mostly in the Blackland Prairies. Indiana to Iowa to Texas to Alabama.Pecans are native to river and creek bottoms, the soils of which are deep, fertile and well-drained and have substantial water-holding capacity. Pecans require at least 5 to 6 feet of well-drained soil above the minimum depth of the water table to develop a strong root system. Pecans planted on shallow soils having poor internal drainage never develop into large, productive trees. Pecans if given proper room to grow ideally 30 to 35 feet become outstanding large shade trees. Pecan is relatively free of pests and diseases
Cedruslibanissp. atlantica'Glauca'PinaceaeBlue Atlas CedarNative to the Atlas Mountains in north Africa.Atlas cedar is more difficult to transplant and slower growing than Deodar Cedar. Atlas Cedar grows best Fertile, moist but well-drained, acidic loams in full sun. Intolerant of poorly drained wet soils. Responds to fertilizer mulching and supplemental watering during times of drought. Can grow well was Texas if it is planted in an irrigated landscape.
CeltislaevigataUlmaceaeSugarberry/ Sugar HackberryEastern two thirds of Texas, Virginia and Illinois to the Gulf States and northeastern Mexico.Plant grows best in full sun prefers rich moist sand, loam, clay, caliche with well drained soil. Hackberries are short lived trees approx 30 years. They are susceptible to tree borers, fungus, and mistletoe. Leaves are subject to wart-like insect gall. Not a good choice of tree to plant for north central Texas.
CeltisoccidentalisUlmaceaeHackberryNative Midwest and Upper south; native to a limited area of the Northeast Panhandle of Texas. But is likely adapted to a larger portion of the region.Plant grows best in full sun prefers rich moist sand, loam, clay, caliche with well drained soil. Hackberries are short lived trees approx 30 years with moderate rate of growth. They are susceptible to tree borers, fungus, and mistletoe. Leaves are subject to wart-like insect gall.
Cerciscanadensisvar. texenis'Oklahoma'FabaceaeOklahoma RedbudGarden origin. Parent plant native to North AmericaCercis Canadensis' Oklahoma' Cultural requirements are the same The flowers are deep purple, with very lustrous shiny green leaves and is less susceptible to leaf rollers.
Cerciscanadensis'Covey'FabaceaeLavender Twist ®Garden origin. Parent plant North America Originally found in Westfield, New York. Cercis canadensis 'Covey' Lavender Twist® is an amazing plant that was originally found in Westfield, New York. Lavender Twist™ has purple flowers borne on branches that are both pendulous and weeping. If left to grow naturally, it will trail to the ground and become wider than tall. However, with proper training and staking, any height could conceivably be attained, from which it could then be allowed to weep gracefully. Also, because the growth is very dense and twiggy, the leaves begin to overlap with age, giving the effect of shingles on a roof during the summer. It's fall color is yellow.
Cerciscanadensis'Forest Pansy'FabaceaeForest PansyGarden origin. Parent plant native to North AmericaCercis Canadensis' Forest Pansy' Cultural requirements are the same The with very intense purple foliage at first, gradually turning more green.
CerciscanadensisFabaceaeRedbudEastern and central United StatesRedbuds are naturally under story trees and like a well drained soils but performs well in all kinds of soil conditions. It can adapt to droughty alkaline sites as long as soil moisture is adequate in winter and spring. It is not tolerant to wetter soils or compacted soils. Responds to mulch well to help keep the root temperature low. Does not tolerate foot traffic.
Cornusflorida'Alba'CornaceaeWhite Flowering DogwoodEastern N. America Piney woods and Post Oak Savannah.Flowering Dogwoods prefer moist, well drained acidic soil. Doesn't grow well around foliar salts. Tree needs good circulation through canopy prevents powdery mildew and dogwood anthracnose infections.
CryptomeriajaponicaTaxodiaceaeJapanese Cedar /SugiNative to Japan.Japanese Cedar tolerates most well-drained soils, but grows best in deep rich fertile well-drained soils and it likes ample moisture. Plant in a protected site. Texas plant prefers morning sun and afternoon shade to part shade.
Cupressocyparisx 'leylandii'CupressaceaeLeyland CypressGarden origin Leyland Cypress needs ample room to grow; well adapted to most of Texas, but grows better and is happier in the eastern part of the state. Plant can adapt to poorly drained soils but prefers moderately well drained site with a steady supply of moisture. Happiest in full sun to part shade and does not grow well in arid climates.
CycasrevolutaCycadaceaeSago PalmNative JapanIt is a very hardy plant (like most cycads), tolerating dry periods, and light frosts. It prefers a sunny, well drained spot, with deep soil, but will still thrive in less than ideal conditions
DiospyrostexanaEbenaceaeTexas PersimmonTexas and Mexico. South Texas and Edwards Plateau, east of Bryan and west to Big Bend into Mexico.Texas Persimmon prefers well drained soils can tolerate clay, caliche, limestone as with many west Texas natives. It tolerates full sun to part shade; it is heat and drought tolerant but it is recommended to keep them well watered throughout the growing season and dry spells. Wood being brittle protect from strong winds and can grow in alkaline soils. Tree appears to tolerate soil salts , but not foliar salts. Wood being brittle protect from strong winds.
DiospyrosvirginianaEbenaceaeCommon PersimmonNative to eastern United States. Clearings and dry woodlands from Florida to east Texas to the crosstimbers. Connecticut and Iowa to Texas.Common Persimmon grows best in well drained acidic soil conditions, but can adapt to heavier clay soils and neutral pH soils throughout the state. Plant in full sun dappled shade. Tolerant to heat and drought but it is recommended to keep them well watered throughout the growing season and dry spells. Wood being brittle protect from strong winds.
FirmianasimplexSterculiaceaeChinese Parasol TreeVietnam, Japan (Ryukyu Islands).Chinese Parasol tree grows in full sun to part shade. It tolerates all kinds of soils and is pH adaptable; tolerant to heat and humidity; because of the large leaves the plant needs constant supply of moisture. If plant is stressed because of lack of moisture it will tend to drop leaves. Is drought tolerant when established. Wind can tatter large leaves. Don't expose bark to physical impacts because bark is thin and can be easily injured. Tree is a medium to fast grower. Is an attractive novelty tree used for accent to side or backyard.
GinkgobilobiaGinkgoaceaeGinkgo / Maidenhair TreeS. ChinaGinkgo's can adapt to a wide range of soils. It is very adaptable to urban and city plantings tolerates smoke, air pollution and confined tree well plantings. Ginkgos seem to be somewhat drought tolerant. Ginkgo grows best in a good deep superior loam soil so the tree can grow faster and get establish quicker. Ginkgo is Slow to moderate grower. Tree may need protection from strong winds. If Ginkgo have very few insect and disease pest problems. It is recommended that if you want tree in your landscape make sure it is a male , because females drop a undesirable smelly fruit. In China the fruit is preferred because it is edible and nutritious. Fruit does not appear before the tree is 20 years old.
HoveniadulcisRhamnaceaeJapanese Raisin TreeIndigenous to China and Japan.Adaptable plant tolerant of many soil conditions but not like wet soil. Prefers full sun, Fertile rich well-drained soils. Not very difficult culture to grow. Protect from dry winds. Propagate fresh seed in the fall, or cuttings in the summer. Where wood is not fully ripened, check for coral spot.
Ilexcornuta'Rotunda'AquifoliaceaeDwarf Chinese HollyFemale; seedling selected in the mid 1930's by E.A.Mcilhenny.Dwarf Chinese Holly 'Rotunda' can tolerate a wide range of soil conditions. Sand, loam, clay, caliche; will tolerate seasonal poor drainage okay. Grows Full sun to part shade. Possible insect problems aphid and leaf miner.
JuniperusvirginianaCupressaceaeVirginia Red CedarDry sands and rocks from East Texas to the Panhandle. Native to Maine to Texas.Virginia Red Cedar tolerates soil conditions of north Texas region. Sand, loam, clay, caliche, limestone; since it likes dry conditions it needs will drained. Does not tolerate poor drainage or dense shade. Best grown in well drained slightly alkaline soils. Pathological problems are with other Junipers is Juniper blight, spider mites, bagworms. Plant is also an alternate host for Cedar-apple rust. This rust also infects plants in the Rosaceae family.
LiquidambarstyracifluaHamamelidaceaeSweet GumSwampy woods in east and south Central Texas. Native to Connecticut to Illinois, south to Central America.Sweet Gum adapts to all the different soil conditions in the north Texas region, sandy, loam, clay-loam, poor drainage okay in sandy soil. Susceptible to iron chlorosis with high pH soils. Grows best in deep fertile well-drained acidic soils. Very adaptable to eastern half of Texas. Needs consistent source of moisture especially in the spring through and summer. Sweetgum is a fast growing and long lived tree. Fruit is hard and spiny and could annoy persons with bare feet. Outstanding tree for fall color.
LiriodendrontulipiferaMagnoliaceaeTulip PoplarNative to the eastern North America. Tulip Poplar is very common in east Texas. Moderate to fast grower. Must be planted pond or stream because it needs steady moisture, and deep rich acidic soil. Susceptible to Black fungal leaf spot that can ruin foliage if left untreated. Develops leaf scorch in high pH soils. Leaf drop is usually caused by drought and is a sign of plant stress. Plant is intolerant to salt exposure. They are difficult to transplant.
MaclurapomiferaMoraceaeBois D'Arc/Osage Orange HorseappleNative to central U.S. Bois D'Arc is a very adaptable. It grows best in slightly alkaline soils that gets moderate rainfall. Plant is pH adaptable grows in both clay, loam and sand once the tree is established it is tolerant to heat, cold and drought. It is not particularly susceptible to soil salts and air pollution damage; grows in full sun to part shade if there is to much shade the tree it gets long and leggy and becomes a scragglier.
Magnoliagrandiflora'Little Gem'MagnoliaceaeLittle Gem MagnoliaParent plant from southeastern U.S.Little Gem Magnolia is smaller cultivar of Southern Magnolia. Little Gem grows best in deep moist neutral to slightly acidic well drained soils. With moderate tolerance to seasonal poor drainage. After tree is established it becomes drought tolerant. Young trees need afternoon shade. Plants get long and leggy if site is to shady. Tolerant to salty irrigation water, but not tolerant to foliar salt.
MagnoliagrandifloraMagnoliaceaeSouthern MagnoliaMoist woods in East and Southeast Texas. Native to southeastern U.S.Southern Magnolias grow best in deep moist neutral to slightly acidic well drained soils. With a moderate tolerance to seasonal poor drainage. After tree is established it becomes drought tolerant. Young trees need afternoon shade. Plants get long and leggy if site is to shady. Tolerant to salty irrigation water, but not tolerant to foliar salt.
Magnoliax soulagianaMagnoliaceaeSaucer MagnoliaIt is a cross from M.denudata x M. liliiflora.Saucer Magnolias require full sun to afternoon shade; grows best on low acidic sites tolerates the heat as long as it receives proper moisture and well drained soil. Poor tolerance to foliar salts and high P.H. soils; flowers are often ruined by late frosts. May show signs of summer leaf scorch if not provided afternoon shade. If soil is to alkaline will show iron chlorosis.
MalusfloribundaRosaceaeJapanese Flowering CrabappleNative to JapanCrabapple trees prefer rich sandy loam soils but can grow all in heavy clays just as long as the soil has good drainage and does not become waterlogged or overly dry. Crabapples grow best in soils with a pH of 5.0 to 7.5. Crabapples respond to reasonable fertilizer and proper moisture. rootsuckers should be removed immediately. Prune out dead wood in the winter. Good pruning requires skill and knowledge of branch angles. Bark damage can occur by groundskeepers that have no knowledge about damage by bumping mowers and weedeaters against trunks of trees.
Malusx 'Red Jade'RosaceaeRed Jade CrabappleGarden origin. Reed 1935 Open-pollinated chance seeding of M. floribunda 'Exzellenz Theil' Introduced and named in 1953 Pat.in 1956 pp#1497 Found growing in Brooklyn Botanic Garden in 1935 by George Reed.Zig Zag Bridge. Crabapple trees prefer rich sandy loam soils but can grow all in heavy clays just as long as the soil has good drainage and does not become waterlogged or overly dry. Crabapples grow best in soils with a pH of 5.0 to 7.5. Crabapples respond to reasonable fertilizer and proper moisture. Rootsuckers should be removed immediately. Prune out dead wood in the winter. Good pruning requires skill and knowledge of branch angles. Bark damage can occur by groundskeepers that have no knowledge about damage by bumping mowers and weedeaters against trunks of trees. Subject to severe scab, fire blight, and powdery mildew in some areas.
Malusx 'Louisa'RosaceaeWeeping crabappleNorthwest Pool Walk
Malusx 'Weepcamzam'RosaceaeWeeping crabappleAbove Mary K. Teahouse
MetasequoiaglyptostroboidesTaxodiaceaeDawn RedwoodWestern ChinaDawn Redwoods grow in a variety of soils just as long there is sufficient moisture. Plant looks a lot like another conifer (Bald Cypress) but is not as drought tolerant. Grows best in deep fertile, moist soils with summer rainfalls. Grows best east of Tarrant County in more acidic soils.
Morusalba'Pendula'MoraceaeWeeping MulberryGarden origin. Parent plant native to China.Weeping Mulberry with it's weeping branches adds nice contrast to a pond or lake on a landscape. with age can become wind beaten and large branches may break off causing tree to become unsightly. Still a dramatic tree for a landscape. It very easy tree to grow and could becomes a weed at certain times. It is very salt and soil and pH and site adaptable. Best growing site is in Central Plains regions of Texas and Oklahoma. Due to their soft wood they need to be sheltered from strong winds and tend to be short lived.
Pinusbrutiassp. eldericaPinaceaeAfghan PineAzerbaijan, Northern IraqAfghan Pine is very tolerant of the alkaline soils. Drought tolerant once established. Must have good drainage. Moderately salt tolerant.
Pinusdensiflora'Low Glow'PinaceaeDwarf Japanese Red PineGarden origin. Parent plant native Japan and Korea.Pinus densiflora 'Low Glow' is a dwarf cultivar of Red Pine.
PinusdensifloraPinaceaeJapanese Red PineJapan and KoreaJapanese Red Pine prefers sandy and loamy soils, requires well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. The plant prefers acid and neutral soils. Requires full sun cannot grow in the shade. It requires dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought. Is said to not grow well south of zone 7. Reported to be cotton root rot resistant.
PinuselliottiiPinaceaeSlash PineSoutheastern U.S. S.Carolina to LouisianaSlash Pine grows best in well drained acidic soil with consistent moisture. Slash Pine can become chlorotic on more alkaline soils. Tree is susceptible Fusiform Rust, Pine tip moth (Rhyacionia sp.) and Pine bark beetles particularly (Dendroctonus frontalis), are to most serious pathological problems. Performs best in east Texas.
Pinusheldreichiivar.leucodermisLeucodermis'PinaceaeBosnian PineWest Balkan Peninsula, S.E. Italy, GreeceBosnian Pine grows in average, medium wet, well-drained gravely soil in full sun. Tolerant of drought and saline conditions. Overly wet soils can result in an unhealthy appearance, with a yellowing of needles.
Pinusnigra'Oregon Green'PinaceaeDark green pines at the Lower Pool and other locations
Pinusthunbergii'Thunderhead'PinaceaeJapanese PineGarden origin. Parent plant native to China, Japan and KoreaJapanese Pine 'Thunderhead' requires the cultural requirements as it's parent species.
PinusthunbergiiPinaceaeJapanese PineChina, Japan and KoreaJapanese black pine is quite tolerant of drought and requires a well-drained soil. It does very well in sand. Japanese black pine seems to do best in zones 6 and 7.
Podocarpusmacrophyllus'Pringle's Dwarf'PodocarpaceaeA semi-dwarf variety, planted around the Moriarty garden and Boesch pavilion
PodocarpusmacrophyllusPodocarpaceaePodocarpus Japanese Yew/ MakiMountains of China and JapanPodocarpus macrophyllus is tolerant of most soils, but it must be well drained. Is salt tolerant and grows well on coastal landscapes. Grows in sun or shade can become chlorotic in high P.H.conditions. Is heat tolerant.
PoncirustrifoliataRutaceaeTrifoliate OrangeCentral and North China,Trifoliate Orange is a tough shrub or multi-trucked tree. Very drought tolerant can grow in poorly drained soils, heavy clay soils. Grows best in full sun with fertile well drained soils. In hot areas plants can be susceptible to mites. To prevent mite problem plant where air circulation is the best. Trifoliate Orange may become chlorotic in soils with a high P.H.
PopulusdeltoidesSalicaceaeCottonwoodEastern central United StatesCottonwood tolerates a wide range of soil conditions sand, loam, clay, and caliche just as long it is well drained soil. Cottonwoods grow best in full sun with deep fertile well drained soil. They dislike arid conditions.
PrunusserrulataAmanogawa'RosaceaeDouble pink flowering cherry with fastigiate form, a single specimen above Three Wise Monkeys
Prunusyedoensis'Akebono'RosaceaeA semi-dwarf Yoshino cherry, planted at the Checkerboard bridge and other locations.
PrunuscarolinianaRosaceaeCherry LaurelNative to coastal areas of Virginia and the northern parts of Florida to Louisiana. Cherry Laurel is adaptable to most any soils and conditions but requires good drainage. It can grow on alkaline soils as long as it is deep soil. If grown on thin rocky walls it will show signs of chlorosis and heat stress. Cherry Laurels are susceptible to root rot in poorly drained soils or constantly wet soils. Plant responds to fertilizer, proper moisture and good soil conditions. Does not tolerate high temperatures or dry conditions. Leaves smell like almond extract when crushed, but contain hydrocyanic acid.
Prunuspersica'Helen Borchers'RosaceaeFlowering PeachNative to ChinaFlowering Peach will grow in about any moderately fertile soil type just as long as it has good drainage. Likes to grow in full sun and they may become chlorotic on shallow alkaline soil. Flowers are abundant pinkish red flowers in the spring. It develops midsummer fruit varying in color from cream and pale pink to yellow or scarlet.
Prunusserrulata'Kwanzan'RosaceaeKwanzan CherryGarden origin. Parent plant native to E. Asia.Kwanzan flowering cherries grow best in the eastern U.S. Prefers sand, loam, soil conditions but can tolerate clay, limestone; acidic or calcareous, with good drainage. It is a very showy tree and is worth growing even for 10 to 15 years. Propagation of softwood and semi hardwood cuttings in mid-summer to late fall.
PrunusX'Okame'RosaceaeOkame Flowering CherryOkame was introduced by Collingwood Ingram in 1947 as a hybrid between P. incisa x P. campanulataOkame Cherry 'Okame' One of the earliest blooming cherries and most consistent year-to-year, the Okame Cherry has beautiful rose-colored calyx and stalks, pink single flowers and fine fall orange foliage.
PrunusX'yedoensis'RosaceaeYoshino Flowering Cherry /Tokyo CherryParent plants are P. x subhirtella x P. seciosa Yoshino Cherry grows in average, medium wet, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Best in full sun. Tolerates heat and humidity, but not drought. Adaptable to a wide range of soils. Flowers massed fragrant white or pale pink. Cherries are susceptible to a large number of insect and disease pests. Potential diseases include leaf spot, die back and leaf curl. Potential insects include aphids, scale, borers, caterpillars and Japanese beetles. Spider mites may also be troublesome.
PteleatrifoliataRutaceaeHop TreeOpen woodlands, canyons, and limestone hillsides throughout Texas except extreme south. Quebec to Texas.The Hop tree grows throughout Texas except the far south Texas. In west Texas it is found only in protected canyons. Best in full sun to shade, prefers well drained soil. Adapts to a wide range of soil conditions. Hop tree is most seen in limestone glades, prairie openings on top of bluffs, rocky open woods, low woods in ravines, thickets. Nearly always on limestone soils. Flowers April though June. In the landscape is known for a under story tree. Use plenty of mulch in the summer months to conserve soil moisture.
PyruscalleryanaRosaceaeCallery PearNative to ChinaCallery Pears are very tolerant of poor soil conditions and city conditions with restricted root space. Can adapt to a limited water supply if need be. Develops good branch structure with little or no pruning. Showy clusters of white flowers in early spring followed by small brown inedible fruit. Resistant to fire blight, but is not a very long lived tree.
QuercusacutissimaFagaceaeSawtooth OakChina, Korea, JapanAdaptable to most soils types, moisture conditions and temperature ranges. Grows best in deep damp fertile well drained soil. Deserves attention for landscape but no fall color and leaves are persist throughout the winter.
QuercusglaucaFagaceaeJapanese Blue OakThe evergreen "mystery" tree near the Mikoshi
QuercuslaceyiFagaceaeLacey OakNear the east Pavilion steps
QuercusmacrocarpaFagaceaeBur OakNorth eastern and central North America.Bur Oaks are one of the largest growing and long lived Oaks in America. A very majestic tree for large landscapes. Can tolerate poor soils and low rainfall better than most oaks used in landscapes. It is found on native dry slopes in the Great Plains. But prefers to grow in rich, well drained soil. Is resistant to Oak Wilt. Bur Oaks are difficult to transplant.
QuercusmuehlenbergiiFagaceaeChinquapin OakEastern North AmericaNative to dry limestone bluffs and hillsides throughout central and south U.S. Very drought resistant. Does well in landscapes provided the soil conditions are moderately well drained. Responds to well to fertilizer and supplemental water. Difficult to transplant from the wild. Attractive ornamental oak with spreading crown; good shade; native to North East, Central, and West Texas. It is also Oak Wilt resistant
QuercusroburFagaceaeEnglish OakNative to Europe, MediterraneanEnglish Oaks tolerates a moderate range of soils just as long as soil has good drainage and adequate moisture. If planted in fertile soil with good moisture supplied English Oak well grow very well. Transplants fairly well, when young.
QuercusshumardiiFagaceaeShumard OakSoutheastern U.S.Shumard Oak is native to the rich river bottoms and swampy locations, but does well in urban sites. Will grow fairly well fair to good soils. Can tolerate poor soils and heavy clay but has a hard time adapting to thinner soils and drier conditions west of Interstate 35. Appears to grow and tolerate urban tree wells. Shumard Oak propagated from other parts of the state may not do as well because they may not be adapted to the same soil conditions. Responds to good growing conditions and fertilizer. When a new tree is planted the grower should remove weed competition and mulch tree. Transplants fairly easily. Susceptible to Oak Wilt. Don't prune between February though June to help tree from contacting the vascular fungal disease. If needs to be pruned paint tree cut immediately after you make the cut.
Quercussinuatavar.brevilobaFagaceaeBigelow Oak/Bluff OakSouthern U.S. (Texas) Bigelow or Bluff Oaks habitat is open oak woodlands, dry scrublands, margins of grasslands, and along streams and valleys, on limestone, Okla., Texas and Mexico (Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas). Flowers in the spring.
QuercusvirginianaFagaceaeSouthern Live OakSoutheastern US to Mexico.Southern Live oak grows in wide range of soil conditions, can tolerate poor and compacted soils but grows best on well-drained clay loams and on gravelly clay loams. Cannot tolerate wet or poorly drained soils. Live oaks are native to moist conditions throughout the Gulf Coast region. Live Oak when established will tolerate moisture stress and drought. Will respond to regular fertilization. Young trees may need corrective pruning for development of primary branches. Susceptible to Oak Wilt. Don't prune between February though June to help tree from contacting the vascular fungal disease. If needs to be pruned paint tree cut immediately after you make the cut.
SalixbabylonicaSalicaceaeWeeping WillowNative to north China Weeping Willow grows in full sun/part shade and it can tolerate full sun. It can tolerate a wide range of soil conditions sand ,loam, clay, caliche, limestone. Prefers acidic soil but can tolerate alkaline soil. Mulch to keep soil temperature cool in the summer. Tolerates occasionally wet soil conditions with good drainage. it is best located near water where soil will be undisturbed. It is often planted near retention ponds and lakes for a dramatic softening effect. Care should be taken not to locate Weeping Willows near underground water or sewer lines or close to septic tank drain fields where the roots could cause significant damage.
SalixmatsudanaSalicaceaeCorkscrew Willow/ Peking WillowChina ,NE Asia In nursery. Corkscrew Willow grows in part shade/part sun or it can grow in full sun. It can tolerate a wide range of soil conditions sand ,loam, clay, caliche, limestone. Prefers acidic soil but can tolerate alkaline soil. Tolerates occasionally wet soil conditions with good drainage.
Sideroxylonlanuginosumssp. oblongifoliumSapotaceaeChittamwoodNative to the eastern US Chittamwood is tolerant to the soil conditions in North Texas area. Sand, loam, clay, caliche, limestone; with well drained soil, some salinity is okay.
Taxodiumdistichum'Cascade Falls'TaxodiaceaeWeeping Bald CypressAlong streams and bottomlands throughout Texas, mostly in the Blackland Prairies. Indiana to Iowa to Texas to Alabama. Weeping Bald Cypress tolerates many soil conditions such as Sand, loam, clay, limestone. They prefer acidic soil since it is a tree native to swamps and river basins it can tolerate poor drainage. They produce aerial roots or pneumatophores or knees at the water level. They will do fine in well drained soils with plenty of moisture. When buying a Bald Cypress make sure it comes from your area. Bald Cypress propagated from other parts of the state may not do as well because they may not be adapted to the same soil conditions and climate.
TaxodiumdistichumTaxodiaceaeBald CypressAlong streams and bottomlands throughout Texas, mostly in the Blackland Prairies. Indiana to Iowa to Texas to Alabama. Bald Cypress tolerates many soil conditions such as Sand, loam, clay, limestone. They prefer acidic soil since it is a tree native to swamps and river basins it can tolerate poor drainage. They produce aerial roots or pneumatophores or knees at the water level. They will do fine in well drained soils with plenty of moisture. When buying a Bald Cypress make sure it comes from your area. Bald Cypress propagated from other parts of the state may not do as well because they may not be adapted to the same soil conditions and climate.
Taxusx media'Hicksii'TaxaceaeYewOld specimen below the southeast pavilion deck.
ThujaoccidentalisCupressaceaeEastern White CedarEastern US to Illinois.Near the Harland Boxwoods
TilliamongolicaTiliaceaeMongolian LindenIntroduced to Western Gardens by way of Kew in 1904 and still rare in cultivation. Native to Mongolia and nearby parts of Russia and China.Tillia is a very tough tree. They prefer temperate climates with four distinct seasons. They grow best with deep well-drained soil with plenty of moisture in the summer. Young trees must be pruned to shape. After that pruning of thinning propose only.
UlmusamericanaUlmaceaeAmerican ElmEastern US to Rocky MountainsAmerican Elm is the largest Elms in US. Capable of growing over 100 feet and develops a tremendous wide spreading root system. Difficult to grow turf or other ornamentals under it. Very strong competitor for water and nutrients. Elms aren't picky they grow on virtually any site. Adaptable to wet sites or dry. Any type of soil type or pH provided the soil is well-drained. They grow best in full sun with deep moist fertile soil. American Elm is susceptible to Dutch Elm disease began to take a high toll. In disease free areas they couldn't be among one of the more stately tree.
UlmuscrassifoliaUlmaceaeCedar ElmNative to Mississippi, Texas to Northern Mexico.Cedar Elm is native to southern US which includes a broad band across central Texas. Cedar Elm can reach a height of 70 to 100 feet. Grows well on rocky Texas hillsides and streambeds. Tolerant and adaptable to a wide range of soil conditions. Being tolerant of heavy clay alkaline soils. Moderately tolerant to soil compaction. makes it a good choice in central Texas. Grows well in western part of Texas also. Moderately wind resistant. It is a good choice of tree in north Texas. Moderate growth rate.
Ulmusparvifolia'Hokkaido-Seiju'UlmaceaeSeiju ElmGarden origin. Parent plant native to Japan,China,KoreaUlmus parvifolia 'Hokkaido-Seiju' is a cultivated Lacebark Elm. It likes a mild climate. Grows to about 70 feet. They are very hardy trees in the winter can tolerate cold winters. They are extremely durable plant. They can grow well in tree wells and urban sites. Lacebark Elms aren't picky they grow on virtually any site. Adaptable to wet sites or dry. Any type of soil type or pH provided the soil is well-drained. Lacebark Elm is disease free.
UlmusparvifoliaUlmaceaeLacebark ElmNative to Japan Korea, China.Lacebark Elm is a near evergreen tree a mild climate. Grows to about 70 feet. Lacebark Elms are very hardy in the winter can tolerate cold winters. They are extremely durable plant. They can grow well in tree wells and urban sites. Lacebark Elms aren't picky they grow on virtually any site. Adaptable to wet sites or dry. Any type of soil type or pH provided the soil is well-drained. Lacebark Elm is disease free.

 



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